David is deceived by Ziba, ver. 1 - 4.
And cursed by Shemei, ver. 5 - 14.
Absalom receives Hushai, ver. 15 - 19.
Lies with his father's concubines, ver. 20 - 23.
1: Bottle - A large bottle, or vessel proportionable to the other
4: Behold - A rash sentence, and unrighteous to condemn a man
unheard, upon the single testimony of his accuser, and servant.
Find grace - Thy favour is more to me, than this gift; which, as a
token of thy favour, I accept with all thankfulness.
The blood of Abner and Ishbosheth; which he imputes to
David, as if they had been killed by David's contrivance: or,
the death of Saul's seven sons, (2Sa 21:8), which, though
related after this, seems to have been done before.
Art taken - The same mischief thou didst bring upon others, is now
returned upon thy own head.
10: What have I, &e. - In this matter I ask not your advice, nor will
I follow it; nor do I desire you should at all concern yourselves in it.
The Lord - God did not put any wickedness into Shimei's heart, for he
had of himself an heart full of malignity against David; but only left
him to his own wickedness; and brought David into so distressed a
condition, that he might seem a proper object of his scorn. And this
is ground enough for this expression, the Lord said, not by the
word of his precept, but by the word of his providence, in respect
whereof he is said to command the ravens, (1Ki 17:4), and
to send forth his word to senseless creatures, (Ps 147:15,18).
Who shall reproach God's providence for permitting this? Or, who shall
restrain him from executing his just judgment against me?
11: My life - Which is a greater mischief, than to reproach me with
words. Benjamites - Of that tribe and family from which God hast taken
away the kingdom, and given it to me. Let him - Do not now hinder him
violently from it, nor punish him for it. It is meet I should bear the
indignation of the Lord, and submit to his pleasure.
17: Is this - Doth this action answer that profession of friendship
which thou hast hitherto made to him? He speaks thus only to try him.
And he saith, thy friend, by way of reflection upon David; as one
who was a friend to Hushai, and to strangers but not to his own son,
whom, by his severity he provoked to this course; and therefore he doth not
vouchsafe to call him his father.
21: Go - This counsel he gave, partly to revenge the injury done
to Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, (2Sa 11:3), who was
the son of Ahithophel, (2Sa 23:34), and principally for his own,
and the people's safety, that the breach between David and Absalom
might be irreparable. For this would provoke David in the highest
degree and cut of all hope of reconciliation, which otherwise might have
been expected by some treaty between Absalom and his tender - hearted
father. But in that case his followers, and especially Ahithophel, had
been left to David's mercy, and therefore obliged to prosecute the war
with all vigour, and to abandon all thoughts of peace: as knowing that his
father, though be might dissemble, yet would never forgive so foul a crime.
Be strong - They will fight with greater courage and resolution, when they
are freed from the fear of thy reconciliation, which otherwise would make
their hearts faint, and hands slack in thy cause. But by this we may see
the character of Absalom's party, and how abominably wicked they were,
whom such a scandalous action tied the faster to him. And we may farther
learn, how corrupt the body of the people was, how ripe for that judgment
which is now hastening to them.
22: The top - Of the king's palace, the very place from whence
David had gazed upon Bathsheba, (2Sa 11:2), so that his sin was
legible in the very place of his punishment. Went in - To one, or some of
them. And by so doing did farther make claim to the kingdom; and, as it
were, take possession of it. It being usual in the eastern countries to
account the wives and concubines of the late king, to belong of right to the
successor. Israel - Who saw him go into the tent; and thence concluded,
that he lay with them, as he had designed to do. God had threatened by
Nathan, that for his defiling Bathsheba, David's own wives should be
defiled in the face of the sun. This is now fulfilled: the Lord is
righteous; and no word of his shall fall to the ground.
23: The counsel, &c. - It was received by the people with equal
veneration, and was usually attended with as certain success. Which is
mentioned as the reason why a counsel which had so ill a face, should meet
with such general approbation.