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The rebellion of Moab, ver. 1.
The message of Ahaziah to Baal - zebub, ver. 2.
God's message to him, ver. 3 - 8.
The destruction of the men sent to seize Elijah, ver. 9 - 12.
He spares the third messenger, and goes to the king, ver. 13 - 16.
Ahaziah's death, ver. 17 18.
1: Moab - This had been subdued by David, as Edom was; and
upon the division of his kingdom, Moab was adjoined to that of
Israel, and Edom to that of Judah, each to that kingdom upon
which it bordered. But when the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were
weak and forsaken by God, they took that opportunity to revolt from them;
Moab here, and Edom a little after.
2: Chamber - In which, the lattess might be left to convey light into
the lower room. But the words may be rendered, through the battlements
(or through the lattess in the battlements) of the roof of the house.
Where, standing and looking through, and leaning upon this lattess, it
broke, and he fell down into the court or garden. Baal - zebub - Properly,
the god of flies; an idol so called, because it was supposed to deliver
those people from flies; Jupiter and Hercules were called by a like
name among the Grecians. And it is evident, both from sacred and
prophane histories, That the idol - gods, did sometimes through God's
permission, give the answers; though they were generally observed, even by
the Heathens themselves, to be dark and doubtful.
3: And say - Dost thou not cast contempt on the God of Israel, as
if he were either ignorant of the event of thy disease, or unable to give
thee relief; and as if Baal - zebub had more skill and power than he?
5: Why, &c. - Before you have been at Ekron: which he knew by
their quick return.
8: An hairy man - His garment was rough and hairy, such as were worn
by eminent persons in Greece, in ancient times; and were the proper
habit of the prophets. Girdle - As John the baptist also had.
That by his very outward habit, he might represent Elijah, in whose
spirit and power he came.
9: Man of God - So he calls him by way of scorn. Come - The king
commands thee to come to him: which if thou refuseth, I am to carry
thee by force.
10: Let fire, &c. - Elijah did this, not to secure himself, he could
have done that some other way: nor to revenge himself, for it was not his
own cause that he acted in: but to prove his mission, and to reveal the
wrath of God from heaven against the ungodliness and unrighteousness of
11: And said - He discovers more petulancy than the former; and
shews, how little he was moved by the former example.
13: Besought - Expressing both reverence to his person, and a dread
of God's judgments. There is nothing to be got by contending with God: if
we would prevail with him, it must be by supplication. And those are wise
who learn submission from the fatal consequences of obstinacy in others.
16: He said - To his very face. Nor durst the king lay hands upon
him, being daunted with the prophet's presence, and confidence; and
affrighted by the late dreadful evidence of his power with God.
17: Jehoram - His brother.
The son of Jehoshaphat - Jehoshaphat, in his seventeenth year, when he
went to Ahab, and with him to Ramoth - Gilead, appointed his son
Jehoram his vice - roy, and (in case of his death) his successor. In the
second year from that time, when Jehoram was thus made vice - king in his
father's stead; this Jehoram, Ahab's son, began to reign: and in
the fifth year of the reign of this Jehoram son of Ahab, which was
about the twenty - fourth year of Jehoshaphat's reign, Jehoram son of
Jehoshaphat was made king of Judah, together with his father.