View 2nd Chronicles 35 in the note window.
Josiah keeps a solemn passover, ver. 1 - 19.
He goes against Pharaoh - necho, and is slain, ver, 20 - 24.
He is bitterly lamented, ver. 25 - 27.
3: The house - In the holy of holies. Whence, it may seem, it had
been removed, by some of the wicked kings of Judah, possibly by
Josiah's father Amon. A burden - Or, that it might not be
a burden, so these words are to be joined with the former, as the
reason why Solomon built this house, that the ark might have a
constant and fixed habitation, and not need to be carried from place
to place upon their shoulders, as it had been done while it was in
the tabernacle. Ministers must look upon themselves as servants both
to Christ, and to the people, for his sake. They must take care and
take pains, and lay themselves out to the utmost, both for the honour
and glory of God, and for the benefit of his people, not as having
dominion over their faith, but as helpers of their holiness and
5: Stand - Or, minister, (as that word is frequently used) in the
court of the priests. According - According to the several families both
of the people, whom he calls their brethren, lest they should despise
them, or grudge to serve them, and of the Levites. For the passover was
to be eaten by the several families according to their numbers, and
therefore he commands these persons, that when the paschal lambs were
brought to them to be killed, they might so order the matter, that they
might be distributed to the several families whether of the Levitical
or other tribes.
8: Princes - Not the political, but ecclesiastical princes, or the
chief of the priests and Levites, whose names here follow.
Levites - For the use of any of the families of them, as need should be.
For they supposed the thirty thousand which the king had given were not
sufficient for all the families.
12: Removed - Some of the lesser cattle; for these also might be
offered as burnt - offerings, (Le 1:10), and hence it may seem that
all these small cattle were not given for paschal - lambs, but were to be
offered as burnt - offerings for the people. And these they put apart lest
they should be confounded with them which were for another use; and, that
they might not be hindered from that which was their present work, that
they might give, the paschal - lambs or kids. To offer - These words
may belong to the last words, and to the paschal - lambs, which they were
first to offer to the Lord, by killing them and sprinkling the blood,
and then to give to the people; though the giving be here mentioned
before the offering, such transpositions being usual in scripture.
Oxen - As they did with the lesser cattle; they removed those oxen which
were to be offered as burnt - offerings, from those which were to be offered
as peace - offerings.
18: Like to that - The whole solemnity was performed exactly
according to the law, whereas in Hezekiah's passover there were several
irregularities: likewise Josiah furnished the whole congregation with
beasts for sacrifice at his own charge, which no king ever did before him.
20: After all - When he and his people hoped that God was reconciled,
and the foundation of a lasting happiness laid, their hopes were quickly
blasted. So much are men often mistaken in their judgments about the
designs of God's providence.
21: The house - Against the house of the king of Assyria, between
whom and me there is war. It is at thy peril, if thou engage against
one who has both a better army, and a better cause and God on his side.
22: Hearkened not - How can we think to prosper in our ways,
if we do not acknowledge God in them!
25: To this day - In all their succeeding lamentations for their
publick calamities, they remembered Josiah's death as their first and
fatal blow, which opened the flood - gates to all their following miseries.