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The king and people resolve to keep the passover, ver. 1 - 5.
He invites Judah and Israel to it, ver. 6 - 12.
The joyful celebration of it, ver. 13 - 27.
1: Israel - All the persons of the ten tribes, who were
settled in his kingdom.
Ephraim, &c. - To all the remainder of the ten tribes, ver.(5),
here expressed by the names of Ephraim and Manasseh, as elsewhere
by the name of Ephraim only. But he names these two tribes, because
they were nearest to his kingdom, and a great number of them had long
since, and from time to time joined themselves to the kingdom of Judah,(2Ch 15:8,9).
At Jerusalem - Admonishing them of their duty to Cod, and persuading
them to comply with it.
2: Second month - Which was against the common rule, but the doing
of this in its proper time, namely, the fourteenth day of the first month
was impossible, because the temple was not cleansed, nor they prepared.
As there was a proviso in the law, that particular persons who were
unclean in the first month, might keep the passover the fourteenth day of
the second month, he doubted not but that might be extended by the whole
3: They kept - Not in the same manner as they had done the former, V. 3. Sufficiently - In such manner as was fit, nor in such numbers as
but in the solemn worship of God, by sacrifices, and prayers, and praise, were necessary for the slaying and offering of so many thousands of
and publick instruction of that great congregation in the good knowledge paschal - offerings, as appears, because they were not sufficient for
of the Lord; which was most necessary for the people after so long and those offerings, which were comparatively few, (2Ch 29:32-34).
dismal a night of ignorance, superstition and idolatry.
10: They - The generality of the ten tribes; who by long want of meat
had now lost their appetite to God's ordinances, for which they paid dear.
For about six years after their refusal of this offer of grace they were
all carried away captive, (2Ki 18:1,10).
12: The hand of God - God by the power of his grace inclined their
hearts to an unanimous compliance with God's and the king's will.
And this is mentioned as the reason of this wonderful change wrought
in these men, who had lately been given up to idolatry.
15: Ashamed - Their negligence and remissness being upbraided by the
general forwardness of the people. The zeal which we observe in others,
should make us ashamed of our own coldness, and quicken us not only to do
our duty, but to do it with our might.
19: The sanctuary - With that purification which was required of them
that came in God's sanctuary. So he calls it to distinguish from that
internal purity which they are here acknowledged to have. The great thing
required in our attendance on God's ordinances is, that we prepare our
heart to seek him; that the inward man be engaged, that we make heart
work of it. All is nothing without this.
20: Healed - That is, pardoned this their sin, and accepting them
and their services, as if they had been clean.
22: Spoke comfortably - Encouraged them to a chearful and diligent
attendance upon their holy ministrations. Princes and magistrates by
encouraging faithful and laborious preachers, greatly promote the
kingdom of God. That taught - Who by their office were to instruct and
build up the people in the knowledge and fear of God: which is mentioned
as the cause of his respect and kindness to them.
24: Did give - First to God, to whom the parts appointed were offered
in a way of thanksgiving; and then to the people, who feasted upon the
relicks, as the offerer used to do in peace - offerings: and Hezekiah, who
was the offerer, gave away his right in the remains of the sacrifices to
the people. Which generosity is the more considerable, because it was in
the beginning of his reign, when he found the exchequer empty; and when
he had been at great expense about cleansing and refitting the temple,
and making preparations for this great feast.
27: The Levites - Those of the Levites who were priests also;
for to them only this work belonged.