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1: I exhort therefore - Seeing God is so gracious.
In this chapter he gives directions,
Supplication is here the imploring help in time of need:
prayer is any kind of offering up our desires to God. But
true prayer is the vehemency of holy zeal, the ardour of
divine love, arising from a calm, undisturbed soul, moved
upon by the Spirit of God. Intercession is prayer for others.
We may likewise give thanks for all men, in the full sense of
the word, for that God "willeth all men to be saved," and
Christ is the Mediator of all.
- With regard to public prayers
- With regard to doctrine.
2: For all that are in authority - Seeing even the lowest
country magistrates frequently do much good or much harm. God
supports the power of magistracy for the sake of his own
people, when, in the present state of men, it could not
otherwise be kept up in any nation whatever. Godliness - Inward
religion; the true worship of God. Honesty - A comprehensive
word taking in the whole duty we owe to our neighbour.
3: For this - That we pray for all men. Do you ask, "Why
are not more converted?" We do not pray enough. Is acceptable
in the sight of God our Saviour - Who has actually saved us that
believe, and willeth all men to be saved. It is strange that
any whom he has actually saved should doubt the universality of
4: Who willeth seriously all men - Not a part only, much
less the smallest part. To be saved - Eternally. This is treated
of, (1Ti 2:5,6).
And, in order thereto, to come - They are not compelled.
To the knowledge of the truth - Which brings salvation.
This is treated of, (1Ti 2:6,7).
5: For - The fourth verse is proved by the fifth; the
first, by the fourth. There is one God - And they who have not
him, through the one Mediator, have no God. One mediator
also - We could not rejoice that there is a God, were there not a
mediator also; one who stands between God and men, to reconcile
man to God, and to transact the whole affair of our salvation.
This excludes all other mediators, as saints and angels, whom
the Papists set up and idolatrously worship as such: just as
the heathens of old set up many mediators, to pacify their
superior gods. The man - Therefore all men are to apply to this
mediator, "who gave himself for all."
6: Who gave himself a ransom for all - Such a ransom, the
word signifies, wherein a like or equal is given; as an eye for
an eye, or life for life: and this ransom, from the dignity of
the person redeeming, was more than equivalent to all mankind.
To be testified of in due season - Literally, in his own
seasons; those chosen by his own wisdom.
8: I will - A word strongly expressing his apostolical
authority. Therefore - This particle connects the eighth with
the first verse. That men pray in every place - Public and
private. Wherever men are, there prayer should be. Lifting up
holy hands - Pure from all known sin. Without wrath - In any kind,
against any creature. And every temper or motion of our soul
that is not according to love is wrath. And doubting - Which is
contrary to faith. And wrath, or unholy actions, or want of
faith in him we call upon, are the three grand hinderances of
God's hearing our petitions. Christianity consists of faith
and love, embracing truth and grace: therefore the sum of our
wishes should be, to pray, and live, and die, without any wrath
9: With sobriety - Which, in St. Paul's sense, is the
virtue which governs our whole life according to true wisdom.
Not with curled hair, not with gold - Worn by way of ornament.
Not with pearls - Jewels of any kind: a part is put for the
whole. Not with costly raiment - These four are expressly
forbidden by name to all women (here is no exception)
professing godliness, and no art of man can reconcile with
the Christian profession the wilful violation of an express
12: To usurp authority over the man - By public teaching.
13: First - So that woman was originally the inferior.
14: And Adam was not deceived - The serpent deceived Eve:
Eve did not deceive Adam, but persuaded him. "Thou hast
hearkened unto the voice of thy wife," (Ge 3:17). The
preceding verse showed why a woman should not "usurp authority
over the man." this shows why she ought not "to teach." She is
more easily deceived, and more easily deceives. The woman being
deceived transgressed - "The serpent deceived" her,(Ge 3:13), and she transgressed.
15: Yet she - That is, women in general, who were all
involved with Eve in the sentence pronounced, (Ge 3:16).
Shall be saved in childbearing - Carried safe through the pain
and danger which that sentence entails upon them for the
transgression; yea, and finally saved, if they continue in
loving faith and holy wisdom.