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1: And I accordingly came to you, not with loftiness of
speech or of wisdom - I did not affect either deep wisdom or
eloquence. Declaring the testimony of God - What God gave me to
testify concerning his Son.
2: I determined not to know anything - To wave all my
other knowledge, and not to preach anything, save Jesus
Christ, and him crucified - That is, what he did, suffered,
taught. A part is put for the whole.
3: And I was with you - At my first entrance. In weakness
- Of body, (2Co 12:7) And in fear - Lest I should offend any. And in much trembling
- The emotion of my mind affecting my very body.
4: And my speech in private, as well as my public
preaching, was not with the persuasive words of human
wisdom, such as the wise men of the world use; but with the
demonstration of the Spirit and of power - With that powerful
kind of demonstration, which flows from the Holy Spirit; which
works on the conscience with the most convincing light, and the
most persuasive evidence.
5: That your faith might not be built on the wisdom or
power of man, but on the wisdom and power of God.
6: Yet we speak wisdom - Yea, the truest and most excellent
wisdom. Among the perfect - Adult, experienced Christians. By
wisdom here he seems to mean, not the whole Christian doctrine,
but the most sublime and abstruse parts of it. But not the
wisdom admired and taught by the men of this world, nor of the
rulers of this world, Jewish or heathen, that come to nought
- Both they and their wisdom, and the world itself.
7: But we speak the mysterious wisdom of God, which was
hidden for many ages from all the world, and is still hidden
even from "babes in Christ;" much more from all unbelievers.
Which God ordained before the world - So far is this from coming
to nought, like worldly wisdom. For our glory - Arising from the
glory of our Lord, and then to be revealed when all worldly
8: Had they known it - That wisdom. They would not have
crucified - Punished as a slave. The Lord of glory - The giving
Christ this august title, peculiar to the great Jehovah,
plainly shows him to be the supreme God. In like manner the
Father is styled, "the Father of glory," (Eph 1:17); and the
Holy Ghost, "the Spirit of glory," (1Pe 4:14). The
application of this title to all the three, shows that the
Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are "the God of glory;" as the
only true God is called, (Ps 29:3), and (Ac 7:2).
9: But this ignorance of theirs fulfils what is written
concerning the blessings of the Messiah's kingdom. No natural
man hath either seen, heard, or known, the things which God
hath prepared, saith the prophet, for them that love him.(Isa 64:4)
10: But God hath revealed - Yea, and "freely given,"(1Co 2:12).
Them to us - Even inconceivable peace, and joy unspeakable.
By his Spirit - Who intimately and fully knows them.
For the Spirit searcheth even the deep things of God - Be they
ever so hidden and mysterious; the depths both of his nature and
11: For what man knoweth the things of a man - All the
inmost recesses of his mind; although men are all of one
nature, and so may the more easily know one another. So the
things of God knoweth no one but the Spirit - Who, consequently,
12: Now we have received, not the spirit of the world
- This spirit is not properly received; for the men of the
world always had it. But Christians receive the Spirit of
God, which before they had not.
13: Which also we speak - As well as know. In words
taught by the Holy Spirit - Such are all the words of scripture.
How high a regard ought we, then, to retain for them!
Explaining spiritual things by spiritual words; or, adapting
spiritual words to spiritual things - Being taught of the Spirit
to express the things of the Spirit.
14: But the natural man - That is, every man who hath not
the Spirit; who has no other way of obtaining knowledge, but
by his senses and natural understanding. Receiveth not - Does
not understand or conceive. The things of the Spirit - The
things revealed by the Spirit of God, whether relating to his
nature or his kingdom. For they are foolishness to him - He
is so far from understanding, that he utterly despises, them
Neither can he know them - As he has not the will, so neither
has he the power. Because they are spiritually discerned - They
can only be discerned by the aid of that Spirit, and by those
spiritual senses, which he has not.
15: But the spiritual man - He that hath the Spirit.
Discerneth all the things of God whereof we have been
speaking. Yet he himself is discerned by no man - No natural
men. They neither understand what he is, nor what he says.
16: Who - What natural man. We - Spiritual men; apostles
in particular. Have - Know, understand. The mind of Christ
- Concerning the whole plan of gospel salvation.(Isa 40:13)