View 1st Chronicles 4 in the note window.
The prosperity of Shobal, ver. 1 - 4.
Of Ashur, ver. 5 - 8.
The character and prayer of Jabez, ver. 9, 10.
The posterity of Chelah and others, ver. 11 - 20.
Of Shelah, ver. 21 - 23.
The posterity, cities and victories of Simeon, ver. 24 - 43.
1: The sons - The posterity: for only Pharez was his immediate
son. But they are all mentioned here only to shew Shobal's descent from
9: Honourably - For courage, and for fervent piety. She records
this, that it might be a memorandum to herself, to be thankful to God as
long as she lived, for bringing her through that sorrow: and a memorandum
to him, that she bore him into a vale of tears, in which he might expect
few days and full of trouble. And the sorrow in his name might serve to
put a seriousness upon his spirit.
10: Called - When he was undertaking some great and dangerous
service. Enlarge - Drive out these Canaanites, whom thou hast
commanded us to root out. Grieve - That it may not oppress and overcome
me: more is understood than is expressed. He useth this expression in
allusion to his name, which signifies grief.
And God granted, &c. - Prospered him remarkably in his undertakings,
in his studies, in his worldly business, and in his conflicts with the
12: Rechab - From these are sprung the present inhabitants of
Rechab, a town not elsewhere mentioned.
14: Father - Of the inhabitants of the valley.
21: Shelah - Having treated of the posterity of Judah by
Pharez, and by Zara, he now comes to his progeny by Shelah.
22: Had dominion - Which they ruled in the name and for the use of
the kings of Judah, to whom Moab was subject from David's time.
Ancient things - The sense is those blessed times are long since past.
Our ancestors had the dominion over the Heathen, but their degenerate
posterity are slaves in Chaldea, were they are employed as potters
or gardeners, or in other servile works.
23: There are - He seems to oppose their present servitude to their
former glory, and to shew their mean spirits that had rather tarry among
the Heathen to do their drudgery, than return to Jerusalem to serve
God and enjoy their freedom. The king - Of Babylon: esteeming it a
greater honour to serve that earthly monarch in the meanest employments,
than to serve the king of kings in his temple.
27: Of Judah - The tribe of Simeon did not increase
proportionably to the tribe of Judah in which they dwelt; as
appears by those two catalogues, (Nu 1:22,26:14), which is
to be ascribed to God's curse upon them, delivered by the mouth of
holy Jacob, (Ge 49:5-7), and signified by
Moses's neglect of them when he blessed all the other tribes.
31: Their cities - Several of these cities though given to Simeon
by Joshua, yet through the sloth or cowardice of that tribe, were not
taken from the Philistines, until David's time, who took some of
them; and, the Simeonites having justly forfeited their right to them
by their neglect, gave them to his own tribe. For it is evident concerning
Ziklag, one of them, that it was in the Philistines hands in
David's time, and by them given to him, and by him annexed to the tribe
of Judah, (1Sa 27:6).
40: Fat pasture, &c. - Those who thus dwelt (as we do) in a fruitful
country, and whose land is wide and quiet and peaceable, have reason to
own themselves indebted to that God, who appoints the bounds of our
habitation. Of Ham - The Canaanites, who descended from Ham.
And accordingly these words contain a reason, why they went and possessed
this place, because it was not in the hands of their brethren of Judah,
but in the possession of that people which they had authority to expel.