SUMMARY.--Desiring the Sincere Milk.
The Living Stone.
The Spiritual Temple.
The Stone the Builders Rejected.
The Peculiar People.
Letting Our Light Shine.
Obedience to Authorities.
The Glory of Suffering for Righteousness.
1-3. Wherefore. In view of the salvation and duty of brotherly
love pointed out in
Laying aside all malice. The things to be laid aside are
inconsistent with brotherly love.
Malice. The mental state opposed to love.
Guile. The mental state opposed to sincerity.
Hypocrisies. Guile exhibited in word and deed.
Envies. "Love envieth not"
(1 Cor. 13:4).
Evil speakings. Speaking evil of others.
2. Newborn babes. The new birth has been spoken of in
They are 
babes in Christ. Babes hunger for milk. Let babes in Christ earnestly
sincere milk of the word. In the Revision "the spiritual,
guileless milk." This word, unadulterated, is the food upon which
Christians must feed in order to grow.
3. If so be. This is the proper food for those who have
tasted that the Lord is gracious, or been converted. See
4, 5. To whom coming. To Christ the Lord.
A living stone. Christ is often called a Stone, or Rock, as the
foundation whom which we build our spiritual life, and of the church; a
"living stone" because he imparts life to all who build upon him, and
himself lives eternally. See
1 John 1:1;
Rev. 1:18; Acts 4:11.
Disallowed. Rejected by the Jewish nation.
Chosen, not of men but of God who raised him from the dead. See
5. Ye also, as lively stones. Christians, born again to eternal
life, become living stones also built into the spiritual temple of
which Christ is the corner stone.
Spiritual house. The church. God's spiritual temple of which the
temple was a type.
An holy priesthood. Christ, the High Priest, hath anointed them
all as priests in his spiritual house. They need no human priest to
stand between them and God. Every Christian can offer up
spiritual sacrifices. See
Ps. 50:23; Hos. 14:3; Rom. 12:1.
The sacrifices of the Christian priest are prayer, praise, good deeds,
the consecration of our bodies and substance to God's service.
Acceptable to God. When offered in the name of Christ.
6-8. Behold, I lay in Zion. See
Isa. 28:16, and Rom. 9:33.
Hence God had foretold that Christ should be a Living Stone.
Peter has not quoted the passage in full which declares that the stone
is "a tried stone," "a sure foundation."
Elect. Hence, "chosen by God"
Precious. Since it is "the chief corner stone" without which the
structure could not be built.
He that believeth on him. Hence this stone is a person, and
faith in him is the basis of salvation.
7. Unto you therefore which believe. The prophecy is now
applied. He is
precious to believers because they enjoy the promise embraced in
"he that believeth," etc.
Unto the disobedient. Those who do not believe and hence,
disobey; to these he is the
stone which the builders disallowed, which is spoken of in
Matt. 21:42, and Acts 4:11.
The head of the corner. Peter in
quotes this passage from the Old Testament and applies it with great
force. The rejected Savior had become the Head of God's spiritual
8. A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence. He is this to
the disobedient. To believers, "precious;" to the disobedient, a stone
over which they stumble and fall.
Whereunto. Unto stumbling over the stone and falling. This is
God's appointment to the disobedient. 
It is the result of their unbelief. The idea is that stumbling is their
condition. When they reject Christ they stumble more and more.
9, 10. But ye are a chosen generation. God's chosen race, like
ancient Israel. Christians are now the chosen people
A royal priesthood. See
The Hebrew passage which Peter refers to means "a kingdom of priests."
Either this is its meaning, or that all in it, "anointed ones" like
Christ, are in some sense like him, priest-kings.
An holy nation. Set apart to God.
A peculiar people. Differing from the world in life.
That ye should show forth. They differ from the world that their
holy lives may shine as a light and honor God.
Out of darkness. In this and the
Peter surely has in mind Gentile Christians.
10. Which in time past were not a people. Not the people of God.
which Peter quotes. The prophets in many places foretold the call of
the Gentiles. See
Rom. 9:25, 26.
11, 12. I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims. They were all,
like the fathers
only pilgrims and sojourners on the earth, seeking for a better home.
Hence they should
abstain from fleshly lusts, which would destroy their prospects
of that home.
12. Having your conversation. Daily life. Let it be such as to
refute slanders of their enemies.
Evil doers. See
The Jews often accused Christians to heathen rulers of being seditious.
Because they rejected the heathen gods, they were accused of being
atheists. The best way to answer these charges was to live them down.
By your good works. Compare
Day of visitation. The day when God will make all clear and the
heathen shall be converted.
13-17. Submit yourselves. Obey human laws.
For the Lord's sake. Because it is the Lord's will.
Whether the king. The Roman emperor whom the Greeks styled
14. Governors. The magistrates placed over the provinces of the
Roman empire. Rulers are necessary, both to punish the evil and to
reward the good. Compare
Rom., chapter 13.
15. That with well doing. It is God's will that thus you may
silence the charge that you are seditious persons.
16. As free. Christians, freed from the bondage of sin and of
the law, and having the free spirit of children, must not use their
as a cloke, an excuse, for wickedness.
Servants. They are God's servants.
17. Honor all men. Respect men of every station.
Love the brotherhood. As Christ loved us.
Fear God. With reverential fear. 
18-20. Servants. Compare
Eph. 6:5, and Col. 3:22.
The Greek word here
is not that of the former passages
which means slaves. This may mean hired servants.
Be subject. That is the duty of the relation. Nor is a faithful
obedience due to good masters only, but
to the froward. The perverse.
19. Thankworthy. "Acceptable" in the Revision. If a man suffers
wrong for conscience sake, God notes his suffering and approves of his
20. For what glory is it? To bear with patience punishment for
faults is no glory, but to bear patiently suffering inflicted for right
doing is approved before God.
21-25. Hereunto were ye called. It was the experience of the
Christian calling in that age to suffer for right doing. Even so Christ
our Lord suffered. He is our example.
22. Who did no sin. He had no fault.
23. When he was reviled. He resented neither insults nor the
sufferings inflicted upon him.
But committed. He gave our judgment between him and his enemies
24. Who . . . bare our sins. Died for our sins, not
his own. He took our burdens.
On the tree. The wood of the cross.
That we being dead to sins. "Crucified with him,"
penitent, the repentant sinner is baptized into his death, and rising
to a new life,
lives unto righteousness.By whose stripes. See
25. Ye were as sheep. Led astray by sin.
Are now returned. By coming to Christ.
The Shepherd and Bishop. The good Shepherd who died for the
sheep; the Bishop who watcheth over and careth for them.