amuel testifies his integrity. (1-5) Samuel reproves the
people. (6-15) Thunder sent in harvest time. (16-25)
Verses 1-5: Samuel not only cleared his own character, but set an
example before Saul, while he showed the people their
ingratitude to God and to himself. There is a just debt which
all men to their own good name, especially men in public
stations, which is, to guard it against unjust blame and
suspicions, that they may finish their course with honour, as
well as with joy. And that we have in our places lived honestly,
will be our comfort, under any slights and contempt that may be
put upon us.
Verses 6-15: The work of ministers is to reason with people; not only
to exhort and direct, but to persuade, to convince men's
judgments, and so to gain their wills and affections. Samuel
reasons of the righteous acts of the Lord. Those who follow God
faithfully, he will enable to continue following him.
Disobedience would certainly be the ruin of Israel. We mistake
if we think that we can escape God's justice, by trying to shake
off his dominion. If we resolve that God shall not rule us, yet
he will judge us.
Verses 16-25: At Samuel's word, God sent thunder and rain, at a season
of the year when, in that country, the like was not seen. This
was to convince them they had done wickedly in asking a king;
not only by its coming at an unusual time, in wheat harvest, and
on a clear day, but by the prophet's giving notice of it before.
He showed their folly in desiring a king to save them, rather
than God, or Samuel; promising themselves more from an arm of
flesh, than from the arm of God, or from the power of prayer.
Could their prince command such forces as the prophet could do
by his prayers? It startled them very much. Some will not be
brought to see their sins by any gentler methods than storms and
thunders. They entreat Samuel to pray for them. Now they see
their need of him whom shortly before they slighted. Thus many
who will not have Christ to reign over them, would yet be glad
to have him intercede for them, to turn away the wrath of God.
Samuel aims to confirm the people in their religion. Whatever we
make a god of, we shall find it deceive us. Creatures in their
own places are good; but when put in God's place, they are vain
things. We sin if we restrain prayer, and in particular if we
cease praying for the church. They only asked him to pray for
them; but he promises to do more, to teach them. He urges that
they were bound in gratitude to serve God, considering what
great things he had done for them; and that they were bound in
interest to serve him, considering what he would do against
them, if they should still do wickedly. Thus, as a faithful
watchman, he gave them warning, and so delivered his own soul.
If we consider what great things the Lord hath done for us,
especially in the great work of redemption, we can neither want
motive, encouragement, nor assistance in serving him.