1. sacrifices--or, "feasts" made with part of them (compare Pr 7:14 Le 2:3 7:31). with--literally, "of." strife--its product, or attendant.
2. (Compare Pr 14:35). causeth shame--(Pr 10:5). shall . . . inheritance--that is, share a brother's part (compare Nu 27:4,7). 3. God only knows, as He tries (Ps 12:6 66:10) the heart. 4. Wicked doers and speakers alike delight in calumny. 5. (Compare Pr 14:31). glad at calamities--rejoicing in others' evil. Such are rightly punished by God, who knows their hearts.
6. Prolonged posterity is a blessing, its cutting off a curse (Pr 13:22 Ps 109:13-15), hence children may glory in virtuous ancestry.
7. Excellent speech--(Compare Margin). Such language as ill suits a fool, as lying (ought to suit) a prince (Pr 16:12,13). 8. One so corrupt as to take a bribe evinces his high estimate of it by subjection to its influence (Pr 18:16 19:6). 9. seeketh love--(Compare Margin). The contrast is between the peace-maker and tale-bearer. 10. Reproof more affects the wise than severe scourging, fools. 11. Such meet just retribution (1Ki 2:25). a cruel messenger--one to inflict it. 12. They are less rational in anger than wild beasts.
14. letteth . . . water--as a breach in a dam. before . . . meddled with--before strife has become sharp, or, by an explanation better suiting the figure, before it rolls on, or increases. 15. abomination . . . Lord--as reversing His method of acting (Pr 3:32 12:2). 16. Though wealth cannot buy wisdom for those who do not love it, yet wisdom procures wealth (Pr 3:16 14:24). 17. To the second of these parallel clauses, there is an accession of meaning, that is, that a brother's love is specially seen in adversity. 18. (Compare Pr 6:1-5 11:15). in the presence, &c.--that is, he either fails to consult his friend, or to follow his advice. 19. strife--contention is, and leads to, sin. he that exalteth his gate--gratifies a vain love of costly building. seeketh--or, "findeth," as if he sought (compare "loveth death," Pr 8:36). 20. The second clause advances on the first. The ill-natured fail of good, and the cavilling and fault-finding incur evil. 21. (Compare Pr 23:24). Different words are rendered by "fool," both denoting stupidity and impiety. 22. (Compare Pr 14:30 15:13). The effect of the mind on the body is well known. medicine--or, "body," which better corresponds with "bone." drieth--as if the marrow were exhausted. 23. a gift . . . bosom--Money and other valuables were borne in a fold of the garment, called the bosom. to pervert--that is, by bribery. 24. Wisdom . . . him--ever an object of regard, while a fool's affections are unsettled. 25. a grief--or cross, vexation (compare Pr 17:21 Pr 10:1). 26. Also--that is, Equally to be avoided are other sins: punishing good subjects, or resisting good rulers. 27, 28. Prudence of speech is commended as is an excellent or calm spirit, not excited to vain conversation.