Ps 57:1-11. Altaschith--or, "Destroy not." This is perhaps an enigmatical allusion to the critical circumstances connected with the history, for which compare 1Sa 22:1 26:1-3. In Moses' prayer (De 9:26) it is a prominent petition deprecating God's anger against the people. This explanation suits the fifty-eighth and fifty-ninth also. Asaph uses it for the seventy-fifth, in the scope of which there is allusion to some emergency. Michtam--(See on Ps 16:1, title). To an earnest cry for divine aid, the Psalmist adds, as often, the language of praise, in the assured hope of a favorable hearing.
1. my soul--or self, or life, which is threatened. shadow of thy wings--(Ps 17:8 36:7). calamities--literally, "mischiefs" (Ps 52:2 55:10).
2. performeth--or, completes what He has begun. 3. from . . . swallow me up--that pants in rage after me (Ps 56:2). mercy and . . . truth--(Ps 25:10 36:5), as messengers (Ps 43:3) sent to deliver him. 4. The mingled figures of wild beasts (Ps 10:9 17:12) and weapons of war (Ps 11:2) heighten the picture of danger. whose . . . tongue--or slanders. 5. This doxology illustrates his view of the connection of his deliverance with God's glory.
7. I will . . . praise--both with voice and instrument. 8. Hence--he addresses his glory, or tongue (Ps 16:9 30:12), and his psaltery, or lute, and harp. I myself . . . early--literally, "I will awaken dawn," poetically expressing his zeal and diligence. 9, 10. As His mercy and truth, so shall His praise, fill the universe.