2, 3. His universal sovereignty now exists, and will be made known. 3. under us--that is, His saints; Israel's temporal victories were types of the spiritual conquests of the true Church. 4. He shall . . . inheritance--the heathen to be possessed by His Church (Ps 2:8), as Canaan by the Jews. excellency of Jacob--literally, "pride," or, that in which he glories (not necessarily, though often, in a bad sense), the privileges of the chosen people-- whom he loved--His love being the sole cause of granting them. 5-7. God, victorious over His enemies, reascends to heaven, amid the triumphant praises of His people, who celebrate His sovereign dominion. This sovereignty is what the Psalm teaches; hence he adds, sing . . . praises with understanding--literally, "sing and play an instructive (Psalm)." The whole typifies Christ's ascension (compare Ps 68:18).
8, 9. The instruction continued. throne of . . . holiness--or, "holy throne" (see on Ps 2:6; Ps 23:4).
9. princes--who represent peoples. For-- even--supply, "as," or, "to"--that is, they all become united under covenant with Abraham's God. shields--as in Ho 4:18, "rulers" [Margin].