Ps 32:1-11. Maschil--literally, "A Psalm of David giving instruction." The Psalmist describes the blessings of His forgiveness, succeeding the pains of conviction, and deduces from his own experience instruction and exhortation to others.
1, 2. (Compare Ro 4:6). forgiven--literally, "taken away," opposed to retain (Joh 20:23). covered--so that God no longer regards the sin (Ps 85:3).
2. imputeth--charge to him, and treat him accordingly. no guile--or, deceit, no false estimate of himself, nor insincerity before God (compare Ro 8:1). 3, 4. A vivid description of felt, but unacknowledged, sin. When--literally, "for," as in Ps 32:4. 4. thy hand--of God, or power in distressing him (Ps 38:2). moisture--vital juices of the body, the parching heat of which expresses the anguish of the soul. On the other figures, compare Ps 6:2,7 31:9-11. If composed on the occasion of the fifty-first Psalm, this distress may have been protracted for several months. 5. A prompt fulfilment of the purposed confession is followed by a prompt forgiveness.
6. For this--that is, my happy experience. godly--pious in the sense of Ps 4:3. a time--(Isa 55:6); when God's Spirit inclines us to seek pardon, He is ready to forgive. floods, &c.--denotes great danger (Ps 18:17 66:12).
7. His experience illustrates the statement of Ps 32:6. 8. Whether, as most likely, the language of David (compare Ps 51:13), or that of God, this is a promise of divine guidance. I will . . . mine eye--or, My eye shall be on thee, watching and directing thy way. 9. The latter clause, more literally, "in that they come not near thee"; that is, because they will not come, &c., unless forced by bit and bridle. 10. The sorrows of the impenitent contrasted with the peace and safety secured by God's mercy. 11. The righteous and upright, or those conforming to the divine teaching for securing the divine blessing, may well rejoice with shouting.