Ps 3:1-8. For the historical occasion mentioned, compare 2Sa 15:1-17:29. David, in the midst of great distress, with filial confidence, implores God's aid, and, anticipating relief, offers praise.
1. Lord . . . increased--The extent of the rebellion (2Sa 15:13) surprises and grieves him.
2. say of my soul--that is, "of me" (compare Ps 25:3). This use of "soul" is common; perhaps it arose from regarding the soul as man's chief part. no help . . . in God--rejected by Him. This is the bitterest reproach for a pious man, and denotes a spirit of malignant triumph. Selah--This word is of very obscure meaning. It probably denotes rest or pause, both as to the music and singing, intimating something emphatic in the sentiment (compare Ps 9:16). 3. But--literally, "and" (Ps 2:6). He repels the reproach by avowing his continued trust. shield--a favorite and often-used figure for protection. my glory--its source. lifter up of mine head--one who raises me from despondency. 4. cried . . . heard--Such has been my experience. The latter verb denotes a gracious hearing or answering. out of--or, "from." his holy hill--Zion (Ps 2:6). His visible earthly residence. 5. the Lord sustained me--literally, "will sustain me," the reason of his composure.
6. ten thousands of people--or, "myriads," any very great number (compare 2Sa 16:18).
7. Arise, O Lord--God is figuratively represented as asleep to denote His apparent indifference (Ps 7:6). The use of "cheekbone" and "teeth" represents his enemies as fierce, like wild beasts ready to devour (Ps 27:2), and smiting their cheekbone (1Ki 22:24) denotes violence and insult. thou hast broken--God took his part, utterly depriving the enemy of power to injure. 8. an ascription of praise to a delivering God, whose favor is an efficient benefit.