Ps 143:1-12. In structure and style, like the preceding (Psalms 104-142), this Psalm is clearly evinced to be David's. It is a prayer for pardon, and for relief from enemies; afflictions, as usual, producing confession and penitence.
1. in thy faithfulness . . . and . . . righteousness--or, God's regard to the claims which He has permitted His people to make in His covenant.
2. enter . . . judgment--deal not in strict justice. shall no . . . justified--or, "is no man justified," or "innocent" (Job 14:3 Ro 3:20). 3, 4. The exciting reason for his prayer--his afflictions--led to confession as just made: he now makes the complaint. as those that have been long dead--deprived of life's comforts (compare Ps 40:15 88:3-6). 5, 6. The distress is aggravated by the contrast of former comfort (Ps 22:3-5), for whose return he longs. a thirsty land--which needs rain, as did his spirit God's gracious visits (Ps 28:1 89:17). 7. spirit faileth--is exhausted.
9. (Compare Ps 31:15-20). 10. (Compare Ps 5:8 27:11). land of uprightness--literally, "an even land" (Ps 26:12). 11. (Compare Ps 23:3 119:156). 12. God's mercy to His people is often wrath to His and their enemies (compare Ps 31:17). thy servant--as chosen to be such, entitled to divine regard.