9:1 The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of a
Hadrach, and Damascus [shall be] the b rest of it: when
the c eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, [shall
be] toward the LORD.
(a) By which he means Syria.
(b) God's anger will remain upon their chief city, and not
spare even as much as that.
(c) When the Jews will convert and repent, then God will
destroy their enemies.
9:2 And Hamath also shall border d by it; Tyre, and Zidon,
though it be e very wise.
(d) That is, by Damascus: meaning, that Harnath or Antiochia
would be under the same rod and plague.
(e) He secretly shows the cause of their destruction,
because they deceived all others by their craft and
subtilty, which they cloaked with this name of wisdom.
9:4 Behold, the LORD will cast her out, and he will smite her
f power in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.
(f) Though those of Tyre think themselves invincible by
reason of the sea that surrounds them, yet they will not
escape God's judgments.
9:6 And a g bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off
the pride of the Philistines.
(g) Meaning, that all would be destroyed, save a very few,
that would remain as strangers.
9:7 And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, and his
abominations from between his h teeth: but he that
remaineth, even he, [shall be] for our God, and he shall be
as a governor in Judah, and i Ekron as a Jebusite.
(h) He promises to deliver the Jews when he will take
vengeance on their enemies for their cruelty, and
the wrongs they did to them.
(i) As the Jebusites had been destroyed, so would Ekron and
all the Philistines.
9:8 And I will encamp about k my house because of the army,
because of him that passeth by, and because of him that
returneth: and no oppressor shall pass through them any
more: for now l have I seen with my eyes.
(k) He shows that God's power alone will be sufficient to
defend his Church against all adversaries, be they ever
so cruel, or assert their power ever so often.
(l) That is, God has now seen the great injuries and
afflictions with which they have been afflicted by their
9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of
Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh to thee: m he [is]
just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon a n
donkey, and upon a colt the foal of a donkey.
(m) That is, he has righteousness and salvation in himself
for the use and benefit of his Church.
(n) Which declares that they should not look for such a king
as would be glorious in the eyes of man, but should be
poor, and yet in himself have all power to deliver his
own: and this is meant of Christ, as in (Mt 21:5).
9:10 And I will cut off the o chariot from Ephraim, and the
horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off:
and he shall speak peace to the nations: and his dominion
[shall be] from p sea to sea, and from the q river to
the ends of the earth.
(o) No power of man or creature will be able to stop this
kingdom of Christ, and he will peaceably govern them by
(p) That is, from the Red Sea, to the Sea called Syriacum:
and by these places which the Jews knew, he meant an
infinite space and area over the whole world.
(q) That is, from the Euphrates.
9:11r As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have
sent forth thy s prisoners out of the pit in which [is]
(r) Meaning Jerusalem, or the Church which is saved by the
blood of Christ, of which the blood of the sacrifices
was a figure. And it is here called the covenant of
the Church, because God made it with his Church: and
left it with them because of the love that he had for
(s) God shows that he will deliver his Church out of all
dangers, no matter how great they may seem.
9:12 Turn ye to the t strong hold, ye u prisoners of hope:
even to day do I declare [that] I will render x double to
(t) That is, into the holy land where the city and the
temple are, where God will defend you.
(u) Meaning the faithful, who seemed to be in danger of
their enemies on every side, and yet lived in hope that
God would restore them to liberty.
(x) That is, double benefits and prosperity, in respect of
that which your fathers enjoyed from David's time to
9:13 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the y bow with
Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons,
O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.
(y) I will make Judah and Ephraim, that is, my whole
Church, victorious against all enemies, which he here
means by the Greeks.
9:15 The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour,
z and subdue the sling stones; and they shall drink,
[and] make a noise as through wine; and they shall be
filled like bowls, [and] as the corners of the altar.
(z) He promises that the Jews will destroy their enemies,
and have abundance and excess of all things, as there
is abundance on the altar when the sacrifice is
offered. And these things are not to move them to
excess, but to sobriety, and a thankful remembrance of
God's great liberality.
9:16 And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the
flock of his people: for they [shall be as] the a stones
of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land.
(a) The faithful will be preserved, and reverenced by all,
that their very enemies will be compelled to esteem
them: for God's glory will shine in them, as Josephus
declares of Alexander the great when he met Jadi the