6:1 And I turned, and lifted up my eyes, and looked, and,
behold, there came four a chariots out from between b
two mountains; and the mountains [were] mountains of brass.
(a) By chariots here, as by horses before, he means the
swift messengers of God to execute and declare his will.
(b) By the mountains he means the external counsel and
providence of God, by which he has from before all
eternity declared what will come to pass, and that which
neither Satan nor all the world can alter.
6:2 In the first chariot [were] c red horses; and in the
second chariot d black horses;
(c) Which signifies the great cruelty and persecution that
the Church had endured under different enemies.
(d) Signifying that they had endured great afflictions under
6:3 And in the third chariot e white horses; and in the fourth
chariot f spotted and bay horses.
(e) These represented their state under the Persians, who
restored them to their liberty.
(f) Which signified that God would sometimes give his
Church rest, and pour his plagues upon their enemies, as
he did in destroying Nineveh and Babylon, and other of
6:5 And the angel answered and said to me, These [are] the four
g spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing
before the Lord of all the earth.
(g) Meaning, all the actions and motions of God's Spirit,
whom according to his unchangeable counsel he causes to
appear through all the world.
6:6 The black horses which [are] in it go forth into the north
country; and the white go forth after them; and the spotted
go forth toward the h south country.
(h) That is, towards Egypt, and other countries there about.
6:7 And the i bay went forth, and sought to go that they might
walk to and fro through the earth: and he said, Go from
here, walk to and fro through the earth. So they walked to
and fro through the earth.
(i) That is, those of different colours, which ask
permission, to signify that Satan has no power to hurt
or afflict, until God gives it to him; (Job 1:12).
6:8 Then he cried upon me, and spoke to me, saying, Behold,
these that go toward the north country have quieted my k
spirit in the north country.
(k) By punishing the Chaldeans my anger ceased, and you were
6:10 Take of [them of] the captivity, [even] of Heldai, of
Tobijah, and of Jedaiah, who are come from Babylon, and
come thou the same day, and go into the house of l Josiah
the son of Zephaniah;
(l) To receive from him and the other three, money to make
the two crowns: who were men of great authority among
the Jews, and doubted of the restitution of the
kingdom, and of the priesthood, and hurt others by
6:11 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set [them]
upon the m head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high
(m) Because this could not be attributed to any one
according to the Law, therefore it follows that Joshua
must represent the Messiah, who was both Priest and
6:12 And speak to him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts,
saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The n BRANCH; and
he shall grow o up out of his place, and he shall p
build the temple of the LORD:
(n) Meaning Christ, of whom Joshua was the figure: for in
Greek they were both called Jesus.
(o) That is, of himself without the help of man.
(p) Which declares that no one could build this temple of
which Haggai speaks, but only Christ: and therefore it
was spiritual, and not material; (Ha 2:9).
6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall
bear the q glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne;
and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel
of peace shall be between r them both.
(q) Of which Joshua had but a shadow.
(r) The two offices of the kingdom and priesthood, will be
joined together in such a way, that they will no longer
6:14 And the crowns shall be to s Helem, and to Tobijah, and
to Jedaiah, and to t Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a u
memorial in the temple of the LORD.
(s) Who was also called Heldai.
(t) He was also called Joshias.
(u) That they may acknowledge their infirmity, who thought
that all things would be restored immediately: and of
this their infidelity these two crowns will remain as
tokens; (Ac 1:6).
6:15 And they [that are] x far off shall come and build in the
temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of
hosts hath sent me to you. And [this] shall come to pass,
if ye will diligently y obey the voice of the LORD your
(x) That is, the Gentiles by the preaching of the Gospel,
will help toward the building of the spiritual temple.
(y) If you will believe and remain in the obedience of