2:1 I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a a man
with a measuring line in his hand.
(a) This is the angel who was Christ: for in respect of his
office he is often called an angel, but in respect of
his eternal essence, is God, and so called.
2:4 And said to him, Run, speak to this b young man, saying,
c Jerusalem shall be inhabited [as] towns without walls
for the multitude of men and cattle in it:
(b) Meaning himself, Zechariah.
(c) Signifying the spiritual Jerusalem and Church under
Christ, which would be extended by the Gospel through
all the world, and would need no material walls, nor
trust in any worldly strength, but would be safely
preserved and dwell in peace among all their enemies.
2:5 For I, saith the LORD, will be to her a wall of d fire on
every side, and will e be the glory in the midst of her.
(d) To defend my Church, to strike fear in the enemies, and
to destroy them if they approach near.
(e) In me they will have their full felicity and glory.
2:6 Ho, ho, [come f forth], and flee from the land of the
north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the
four g winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.
(f) He calls to those who partly for fear, and partly for
their own case, remained still in captivity, and so
preferred their own personal benefits to the benefits of
God promised in his Church.
(g) As it was I that scattered you, so I have power to
2:7h Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest [with] the
daughter of Babylon.
(h) By fleeing from Babylon, and coming to the Church.
2:8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the i glory hath
he sent me to the nations which wasted you: for he that
toucheth you toucheth the k apple of his eye.
(i) Seeing that God had begun to show his grace among you by
delivering you, he continues the same still toward you,
and therefore sends me his angel and his Christ to
defend you from your enemies, so that they will not hurt
you, neither along the way nor at home.
(k) You are so dear to God, that he can no more allow your
enemies to hurt you, than a man can endure to be thrust
in the eye; (Ps 17:8).
2:9 For, behold, I will shake my hand l upon them, and m
they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know
that the LORD of hosts hath n sent me.
(l) Upon the heathen your enemies.
(m) They will be your servants, as you have been theirs.
(n) This must necessarily be understood of Christ, who being
God equal with his Father, was sent, as he was Mediator
to dwell in his Church and to govern them.