10:1 Brethren, 1 my heart's desire and prayer to God for
Israel is, that they might be saved.
(1) Purposing to set forth in the Jews an example of marvellous
obstinacy, he uses this declaration.
10:32 For they a being ignorant of God's righteousness, and
going about to b establish their own righteousness, have
not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
(2) The first entrance into the calling to salvation, is to
renounce our own righteousness by faith, which God freely
offers us in the Gospel.
(a) The ignorance of the law (which we ought to know) does
not excuse anyone before God, especially those that are
of his household.
(b) Ignorance always has pride associated with it.
10:43 For Christ [is] the c end of the law for
righteousness to d every one that believeth.
(3) The proof: the law itself points to Christ, that those who
believe in him should be saved. Therefore the calling to
salvation by the works of the law, is vain and foolish: but
Christ is offered for salvation to every believer.
(c) The end of the law is to justify those that keep the
law: but seeing that we do not observe the law through
the fault of our flesh, we do not attain this end: but
Christ heals this disease, for he fulfils the law for
(d) Not only to the Jews, but also to the Gentiles.
10:54 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the
law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by
(4) That the law is points to Christ and is inclined to him is
manifestly proved, because it propounds such a condition as
can be and is fulfilled, by none but Christ alone: which
being imputed to us by faith, our conscience is quieted, so
that now no man can ask, "Who can ascend up into heaven, or
bring us from hell?", seeing that the gospel teaches that
both of these is done by Christ and that for their sake's,
who with true faith embrace him who calls them.
10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this
wise, e Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into
heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down [from above]:)
(e) Do not think to yourself, as men that are doubting do.
10:85 But what saith it? The f word is nigh thee, [even] in
thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith,
which we preach;
(5) Calling comes by the word preached.
(f) By "word", Moses understood the law which the Lord
proclaimed with his own voice: and Paul applied it to
the preaching of the Gospel, which was the perfection
of the law.
10:96 That if thou shalt g confess with thy mouth the Lord
Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that h God hath
raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
(6) That is indeed true faith which is settled not only in the
head, but also in the heart of man, of which we also give
testimony by our outward life, and which serves Christ as
our one and only Saviour, even as he sets forth himself in
(g) If you profess plainly, sincerely, and openly, that you
take Jesus alone to be thy Lord and Saviour.
(h) The Father, who is said to have raised the Son from the
dead: and this is not spoken to exclude the divinity of
the Son, but to set forth the Father's plan, with
regard to our redemption in the resurrection of the
10:10 For with the heart man i believeth unto righteousness;
and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
(i) Faith is said to justify, and furthermore seeing the
confession of the mouth is an effect of faith, and
confession in the way to come to salvation, it follows
that faith is also said to save.
10:117 For the scripture saith, Whosoever k believeth on
him shall not be ashamed.
(7) Now he proves the other part which he propounded before in
the fourth verse, that is, that Christ calls whoever he
wishes without any difference, and this confirms by a
twofold testimony, (Ro 10:4).
(k) To believe in God is to yield and consent to God's
promise of our salvation by Christ, and that not only
in general, but when we know that the promises pertain
to us, from which arises a sure trust.
10:138 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord
shall be saved.
(8) True calling upon the name of God is the testimony of true
faith, and true faith of true vocation or calling, and
true calling of true election.
10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not
believed? 9 and how shall they believe in him of whom
they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a
(9) That is, true faith, which seeks God in his word, and that
preached: and this preaching God has appointed in the
10:1610 But they have not l all obeyed the gospel. For
Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
(10) Wherever faith is, there is also the word, but not the
opposite, namely, wherever the word is, there may not
necessarily be faith: for many refuse and reject the word.
(l) He says this because of the Jews.
10:1711 So then faith [cometh] by hearing, and hearing by the
m word of God.
(11) A conclusion of the former discussion: we must ascend from
faith to our calling, for by our calling we came to the
testimony of our election.
(m) By God's commandment.
10:1812 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their
sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the
ends of the world.
(12) An objection: if calling is a testimony of election, were
not the Jews called? Why should I not grant that, says
the apostle, seeing that there is no nation which has not
been called? Much less can I say that the Jews were not
10:1913 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I
will provoke you to jealousy by n [them that are] no
people, [and] by a foolish nation I will anger you.
(13) The defender and maintainer of the Jew's cause goes on
still to ask whether the Jews also did not know God, the
one who called them. Isaiah, says the apostle, denies it:
and witnesses that the Gospel was taken from them and
given to the Gentiles, because the Jews rejected it. In
addition the apostle teaches that the outward and
universal calling, which is set forth by the creation of
the world, is not sufficient for the knowledge of God:
indeed, and that the particular calling also which is by
the preaching of the word of God, is of itself of little
or no efficacy, unless it is apprehended or laid hold of
by faith, which is the gift of God: otherwise by unbelief
it is made unprofitable, and that by the only fault of
man, who can pretend no ignorance.
(n) He calls all profane people "[them that are] no
people", as they are not said to live but to die, who
are appointed for everlasting condemnation.
10:20 But Esaias is very o bold, and saith, I was found of
them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them
that asked not after me.