45:1(To the chief Musician upon a Shoshannim, for the sons
of Korah, Maschil, A Song of b loves.) My heart is
inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have
made touching the king: my tongue [is] the pen of a ready
(a) This was a certain tune of an instrument.
(b) Of that perfect love that ought to be between the
husband and the wife.
45:2 Thou art c fairer than the children of men: grace is
poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for
(c) Solomon's beauty and eloquence to win favour with his
people, and his power to overcome his enemies, is here
45:4 And in thy majesty d ride prosperously because of truth
and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall
teach thee terrible things.
(d) He alludes to them, who ride in chariots in their
triumphs, showing that the quiet state of a kingdom
stands in truth, meekness and justice, and not in
worldly pomp and vanity.
45:6 Thy e throne, O God, [is] for ever and ever: the sceptre
of thy kingdom [is] a right sceptre.
(e) Under this figure of this kingdom of justice is set
forth the everlasting kingdom of Christ.
45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore
God, thy God, hath f anointed thee with the oil of
gladness above thy fellows.
(f) Has established your kingdom as the figure of Christ,
which is the peace and joy of the Church.
45:8 All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia,
out of the ivory palaces, g whereby they have made thee
(g) In which the people made you joyful to see them give
thanks and rejoice for you.
45:9 Kings' daughters [were] among thy honourable women: upon
thy right hand did stand the h queen in gold of Ophir.
(h) Though he had many king's daughters among his wives,
yet he found Pharaoh's daughter best.
45:10i Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine
ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
(i) Under the figure of Pharaoh's daughter, he shows that
the Church must cast off all carnal affections to obey
45:12 And the k daughter of Tyre [shall be there] with a gift;
[even] the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
(k) He signifies that many of those who are rich will be
benefactors to the Church, although they do not give
perfect obedience to the Gospel.
45:13 The king's daughter [is] all glorious l within: her
clothing [is] of wrought gold.
(l) There is nothing feigned or hypocritical but she is
glorious both within and without: and even though the
Church has not always had this outward glory, the
fault is to be imputed only to their own ingratitude.
45:16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy m children, whom
thou mayest make princes n in all the earth.
(m) They will have greater graces than their fathers.
(n) He signifies the great compass of Christ's kingdom,
which will be sufficient to enrich all his members.
45:17 I will make thy o name to be remembered in all
generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for
ever and ever.
(o) This must only be referred to Christ and not to