Psalms, Chapter 18
Chapter 17 | Chapter 19
Chapter 17 | Chapter 19
View Psalms 18 in the note window.
18:2 a The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my
deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my
buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
(a) He uses this diversity of names to show that as the
wicked have many means to hurt, so God has many ways to
18:3 I will call upon the LORD, [who is worthy] to be b
praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
(b) For no one can obtain their request from God if they do
not join his glory with their petition.
18:4 c The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of
ungodly men made me afraid.
(c) He speaks of the dangers and malice of his enemies from
which God had delivered him.
18:7 d Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also
of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
(d) A description of the wrath of God against his enemies,
after he had heard his prayer.
18:8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and e fire out
of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
(e) He shows how horrible God's judgments will be to the
18:9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and f darkness
[was] under his feet.
(f) Darkness signifies the wrath of God as the clear light
signifies God's favour.
18:10 And he rode upon a g cherub, and did fly: yea, he did
fly upon the wings of the wind.
18:11 He made darkness his h secret place; his pavilion round
about him [were] dark waters [and] thick clouds of the
(h) As a king angry with the people, will not show himself
18:13 The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest
gave i his voice; hail [stones] and coals of fire.
(i) Thunders, lightnings and hail.
18:14 Yea, he sent out k his arrows, and scattered them; and
he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.
18:15 Then the channels of waters were seen, and the l
foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O
LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
(l) That is, the deep bottoms were seen when the Red sea
18:16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many m
(m) Out of many great dangers.
18:17 He delivered me from my n strong enemy, and from them
which hated me: for they were o too strong for me.
(n) That is, Saul.
18:19 He brought me forth also into a large place; p he
delivered me, because he delighted in me.
(o) Therefore God sent me help.
(p) The cause of God's deliverance is his favour and love
18:20 The LORD rewarded me according to my q righteousness;
according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed
(q) David was sure of his righteous cause and good
behaviour toward Saul and his enemies and therefore
was assured of God's favour and deliverance.
18:22 For all his judgments [were] before me, and I did not put
away his r statutes from me.
(r) For all his dangers he exercised himself in the law of
18:23 I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine
(f) I neither gave place to their wicked temptations nor
to my own desires.
18:25 With the t merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful;
with an upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright;
(t) Here he speaks of God according to our capacity, who
shows mercy to his and punishes the wicked, as is also
said in (Le 26:21,24).
18:27 For thou wilt save the afflicted people; but wilt u
bring down high looks.
(u) When their sin is come to the full measure.
18:29 For by thee I have x run through a troop; and by my God
have I leaped over a wall.
(x) He attributes it to God that he both got the victory
in the field and also destroyed the cities of his
18:30 [As for] God, his way [is] perfect: the y word of the
LORD is tried: he [is] a buckler to all those that trust
(y) No matter how great or many the dangers may be, yet
God's promise must take effect.
18:32 [It is] God that girdeth me with strength, and maketh my
z way perfect.
(z) He gives good success to all my enterprises.
18:33 He maketh my feet like hinds' [feet], and setteth me upon
my a high places.
(a) As towers and forts, which he took out of the hands of
18:35 Thou hast also given me the b shield of thy salvation:
and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy c
gentleness hath made me great.
(b) To defend me from dangers.
18:37 d I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them:
neither did I turn again till they were consumed.
(c) He attributed the beginning, continuance and increase
in well doing only to God's favour.
(d) David declares that he did nothing besides his
calling, but was stirred up by God's Spirit to execute
18:40 Thou hast also e given me the necks of mine enemies;
that I might destroy them that hate me.
(e) You have given them to my hands to be slain.
18:41 They f cried, but [there was] none to save [them: even]
unto the LORD, but he answered them not.
(f) They who reject the cry of the afflicted, God will
also reject them when they cry for help, for either
pain or fear causes those hypocrites to cry.
18:43 Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people;
[and] thou hast made me the head of the g heathen: a
people [whom] I have not h known shall serve me.
(g) Who dwell round about me.
18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the
strangers shall i submit themselves unto me.
(h) The kingdom of Christ is prefigured in David's
kingdom, who by the preaching of his word brings all
to his subjection.
(i) Or lie: signifying a subjection constrained and not
18:45 The strangers shall k fade away, and be afraid out of
their close places.
(k) Fear will cause them to be afraid and come forth from
their secret holes and holds to seek pardon.
18:48 He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me
up above those that rise up against me: thou hast
delivered me from the l violent man.
(l) That is, Saul who out of malice persecuted him.
18:49 Therefore will m I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among
the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.
(m) This prophecy belongs to the kingdom of Christ and
calling of the Gentiles, as in (Ro 15:9).
18:50 Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy
to his anointed, to David, and to his n seed for
(n) This did not properly belong to Solomon, but to Jesus
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