30:1 The words of a Agur the son of Jakeh, [even] the
prophecy: the man spoke to Ithiel, even to b Ithiel and
(a) Who was an excellent man in virtue and knowledge in the
time of Solomon.
(b) Who were Agur's scholars or friends.
30:2 Surely I [am] more c senseless than [any] man, and have
not the understanding of a man.
(c) In this he declares his great humility who would not
attribute any wisdom to himself but all to God.
30:4 Who hath ascended into d heaven, or descended? who hath
gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters
in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the
earth? what [is] his name, and what [is] his son's name, if
thou canst tell?
(d) Meaning, to know the secrets of God, as though he would
30:7 Two e [things] have I required of thee; deny [them] not
to me before I die:
(e) He makes this request to God.
30:9 Lest I be full, and deny [thee], and say, f Who [is] the
LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my
God [in vain].
(f) Meaning, that they who put their trust in their riches
forget God and that by too much wealth men have an
opportunity to the same.
30:10 Accuse not a servant to his master, lest he curse thee,
g and thou be found guilty.
(g) In accusing him without cause.
30:15 The horseleach hath two h daughters, [crying], Give,
give. There are three [things that] are never satisfied,
[yea], four [things] say not, [It is] enough:
(h) The leach has two forks in her tongue, which here he
calls her two daughters, by which she sucks the blood,
and is never satisfied: even so, the covetous
extortioners are insatiable.
30:17 The eye [that] mocketh at [its] father, and despiseth to
obey [its] mother, the ravens i of the valley shall pick
it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
(i) Which hunt in the valley for carrion.
30:20 Such [is] the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and
k wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no
(k) She has her desires, and later counterfeits as though
she were an honest woman.
30:22 For l a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is
filled with food;
(l) These commonly abuse the state to which they are
30:23 For an odious [woman] when she is married; and an handmaid
that is m heir to her mistress.
(m) Who is married to her master after the death of her
30:24 There are four [things which are] little upon the earth,
but they [are] very n wise:
(n) They contain great doctrine and wisdom.
30:28 The spider taketh hold o with her hands, and is in
(o) If man is not able to compass these common things by
his wisdom, we cannot attribute wisdom to man, but
30:32 If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if
thou hast thought evil, [lay] thy hand p upon thy mouth.