21:1 And [when] king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the
south, heard tell that Israel came by the a way of the
spies; then he fought against Israel, and took [some] of
(a) By that way which their spies, that searched the
dangers found to he most safe.
21:4 And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red
sea, to b compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the
people was much discouraged because of the way.
(b) For they were forbidden to destroy it, (De 2:5).
21:5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses,
Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the
wilderness? for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any]
water; and our soul loatheth this light c bread.
(c) Meaning manna, which they thought did not nourish.
21:6 And the LORD sent d fiery serpents among the people, and
they bit the people; and much people of Israel died.
(d) For they that were bitten by them were so inflamed by
the poison of them, that they died.
21:14 Wherefore it is said in the e book of the wars of the
LORD, What he did in the Red sea, and in the brooks of
(e) Which seems to be the book of the Judges, or as some
think, a book which is lost.
21:17 Then Israel sang this song, Spring up, O well; f sing ye
(f) You that receive the convenience of it, give praise
21:18 The princes digged the well, the nobles of the people
digged it, by [the direction of] the g lawgiver, with
their staves. And from the wilderness [they went] to
(g) Only Moses and Aaron, the heads of the people, struck
the rock with the rod or staff, which gave water as a
well that was deep digged.
21:24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and
possessed his land from Arnon unto h Jabbok, even unto
the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of
Ammon [was] i strong.
(h) The river.
(i) For the people were tall and strong like giants;
21:26 For k Heshbon [was] the city of Sihon the king of the
Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab,
and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.
(k) For if it had been the Moabites, the Israelites might
not have possessed it, (De 2:9).
21:28 For there is a l fire gone out of Heshbon, a flame from
the city of Sihon: it hath consumed Ar of Moab, [and] the
lords of the high places of Arnon.
(l) Meaning, wane.
21:29 Woe to thee, Moab! thou art undone, O people of m
Chemosh: he hath given his sons that escaped, and his
daughters, into captivity unto Sihon king of the Amorites.
(m) Chemosh was the idol of the Moabites, (1Ki 11:33)
who was not able to defend his worshippers, who took
the idol for their father.