9:1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this a month the
children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with
sackclothes, and earth upon them.
(a) Meaning, the seventh.
9:3 And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of
the law of the LORD their God [one] fourth part of the day;
and [another] fourth part they b confessed, and worshipped
the LORD their God.
(b) They confessed their sins, and used prayers.
9:21 Yea, forty years didst thou sustain them in the wilderness,
[so that] they lacked nothing; their clothes waxed not old,
and their feet c swelled not.
(c) Though the way was tedious and long.
9:22 Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst
d divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of
Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of
Og king of Bashan.
(d) Meaning, the heathen whom he drove out.
9:26 Nevertheless they were disobedient, and rebelled against
thee, and cast thy law behind their backs, and slew thy
prophets which e testified against them to turn them to
thee, and they wrought great provocations.
(e) Taking heaven and earth to witness that God would
destroy them unless they returned, as in
9:28 But after they had f rest, they did evil again before
thee: therefore leftest thou them in the hand of their
enemies, so that they had the dominion over them: yet when
they returned, and cried unto thee, thou heardest [them]
from heaven; and many times didst thou deliver them
according to thy mercies;
(f) He declares how God's mercies always contended with the
wickedness of the people, who always in their
prosperity forgot God.
9:29 And testifiedst against them, that thou mightest bring them
again unto thy law: yet they dealt proudly, and hearkened
not unto thy commandments, but sinned against thy
judgments, (which if a man do, he shall live in them;) and
g withdrew the shoulder, and hardened their neck, and
would not h hear.
(g) Which is a sign taken from oxen that shrink at the yoke
or burden in (Zec 7:11).
(h) When you admonished them by your prophets.
9:32 Now therefore, our God, the great, the mighty, and the
terrible God, who keepest covenant and mercy, let not all
the trouble seem little before thee, that hath come upon
us, on our kings, on our princes, and on our priests, and
on our prophets, and on our fathers, and on all thy people,
since the time of the i kings of Assyria unto this day.
(i) By whom we were led away into captivity and have been
appointed to be slain, as in (Es 3:13).
9:33 Howbeit thou [art] just in all that is brought upon us; for
thou hast k done right, but we have done wickedly:
(k) He confesses that all these things came to them justly
for their sins, but he appeals from God's justice to
9:34 Neither have our kings, our princes, our priests, nor our
fathers, kept thy law, nor hearkened unto thy commandments
and thy testimonies, wherewith thou didst l testify
(l) That you would destroy them, unless they would return
to you, as in (Ne 9:26).
9:36 Behold, we [are] servants this day, and [for] the land that
thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the m fruit thereof
and the good thereof, behold, we [are] servants in it:
(m) That is, to be the Lord's.
9:38 And because of all this we make n a sure [covenant], and
write [it]; and our princes, Levites, [and] priests, seal
(n) Thus by affliction they promise to keep God's
commandments to which they could not be brought by
God's great benefits.