21:1 And 1 when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come
to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two
(1) Christ by his humility, triumphing over the pride of this
world, ascends to true glory by the shame of the cross.
21:3 And if any [man] say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord
hath need of them; and straightway a he will send them.
(a) He that will say anything to you will let them go,
that is, the ass and the colt.
21:5 Tell ye the b daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh
unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the
foal of an ass.
(b) The city of Sion. This is a Hebrew idiom, common in
the Lamentations of Jeremiah.
21:7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their
c clothes, and they set [him] d thereon.
(c) Their uppermost garment.
(d) Upon their garments, not upon the ass and the colt.
21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed,
cried, saying, e Hosanna to the Son of David: f Blessed
[is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the
(e) This was an ancient kind of cry, which they voiced in
the feast of Tabernacles, when they carried boughs
according as God commanded; (Le 23:40). And the
word is corruptly made of two, for we should say,
"Hoshiang-na", which is as much as to say, "Save I pray
(f) Well is it to him that comes in the Name of the Lord,
that is to say, whom the Lord has given us for our
21:10 And when he was come into Jerusalem, g all the city was
moved, saying, Who is this?
(g) That is, all the men of Jerusalem were moved.
21:152 And when the chief priests and scribes saw the
wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in
the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they
were sore displeased,
(2) Those that should be masters of godliness are the ones that
envy most the glory of Christ: but in vain.
21:16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus
saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth
of babes and sucklings thou hast h perfected praise?
(h) You have made most perfect. We read in David, "Thou
hast established" or "grounded", and if the matter is
considered well, the evangelist says here the same
thing, for that which is most perfect is stable and
21:173 And he left them, and went out of the city into
Bethany; and he lodged there.
(3) Christ does in this way forsake the wicked, for he has a
consideration and regard for his Church.
21:184 Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he
(4) Hypocrites will at length have their masks discovered, and
any false faces taken away.
21:215 Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto
you, If ye have faith, and i doubt not, ye shall not
only do this [which is done] to the fig tree, but also if
ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be
thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.
(5) How great the force of faith is.
(i) The Greek word signifies a fixing or wavering of
mind, so that we cannot tell which way to take.
21:236 And when he was come into the temple, the chief
priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he
was teaching, and said, By what k authority doest thou
these things? and who gave thee this authority?
(6) Against those who neglect the doctrine and bind the calling
and vocation to an ordinary succession, going about by that
false pretext, to stop Christ's mouth.
(k) Or by what power.
21:24 And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you
l one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will
tell you by what authority I do these things.
(l) One thing, that is to say, I will ask you one thing
first before I answer your questions.
21:25 The m baptism of John, whence was it? from n heaven,
or of men? And they o reasoned with themselves, saying,
If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did
ye not then believe him?
(m) The preaching of John is called by the figure
"baptism" because he preached the baptism of
repentance, etc.; (Mk 1:4 Ac 19:3).
(n) From God, and so it is plainly seen how these are set
one against another.
(o) Beat their heads about it, and mused, or laid their
21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They
say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I
say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots p go
into the kingdom of God before you.
(p) They hurry to the kingdom of God and you go slowly, so
that you should at least have followed their example.
Mark then that this word, "go into", is improperly
taken in this place because none of them followed
21:32 For John came unto you in the q way of righteousness,
and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots
believed him: and ye, when ye had seen [it], repented not
afterward, that ye might believe him.
(q) Living uprightly, being of good and honest behaviour;
For the Hebrews use this word "way" for life and
21:338 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder,
which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and
digged a winepress in it, and built a r tower, and let
it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
(8) Those men are often the cruellest enemies of the Church, to
whose faithfulness it is committed: But the vocation of God
is neither tied to time, place, nor person.
(r) Made the place strong: for a tower is the strongest
place of a wall.
21:38 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among
themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and
let us s seize on his inheritance.
(s) Literally, "let us hold it fast".
21:41 They say unto him, He will t miserably destroy those
wicked men, and will let out [his] vineyard unto other
husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their
(t) A kind of proverb, showing what punishment the wicked
are worthy of.
21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the
scriptures, The stone which the u builders rejected, the
same is x become the y head of the corner: z this is
the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
(u) Master builders, who are chief builders of the house,
that is of the Church.
(x) Began to be.
(y) The chiefest stone in the corner is called the head of
the corner: which bears up the couplings or joints of
the whole building.
(z) That matter (in that the stone which was cast away is
made the head) is the Lord's doing which we behold and
greatly marvel at.
21:43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be
taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the
a fruits thereof.
(a) They bring forth the fruits of the kingdom of God, who
bring forth the fruit of the Spirit, and not of the
flesh, (Ga 5:16-26).
21:44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken:
but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will b grind him to
(b) As chaff used to be scattered with the wind, for he
uses a word which properly signifies separating the
chaff from the corn with winnowing, and to scatter it
21:469 But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared
the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.