2:1 And now, O ye a priests, this commandment [is] for you.
(a) He speaks mainly to them, but under them he includes the
2:2 If ye will not hear, and if ye will not lay [it] to heart,
to give glory b unto my name, saith the LORD of hosts, I
will even send a curse upon you, and I will curse your c
blessings: yea, I have cursed them already, because ye do
not lay [it] to heart.
(b) To serve me according to my word.
(c) That is, the abundance of God's benefits.
2:3 Behold, I will corrupt d your seed, and spread dung upon
your faces, [even] the e dung of your solemn feasts; and
[one] shall take you away with it.
(d) The seed you sow will come to no profit.
(e) You boast of your holiness, sacrifices, and feasts, but
they will turn to your shame and be as vile as dung.
2:4 And ye shall know that I have f sent this commandment unto
you, that my covenant might be with Levi, saith the LORD of
(f) The Priests objected against the Prophet that he could
not remove them without speaking against the priesthood,
and the office established by God by promise. But he
shows that the office is nothing slandered, when these
villains and dung are called by their own names.
2:5 My g covenant was with him of life and peace; and I h
gave them to him [for] the fear wherewith he feared me, and
was afraid before i my name.
(g) He shows what were the two conditions of the covenant
made with the tribe of Levi on God's part, that he would
give them long life and felicity, and on their part,
that they should faithfully serve him according to his
(h) I commanded Levi a certain law to serve me.
(i) He served me and set forth my glory with all humility and
2:6 The law of k truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not
found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity,
and did turn many away from iniquity.
(k) He shows that the priests ought to have knowledge to
instruct others in the word of the Lord.
2:7 For the priest's l lips should keep knowledge, and they
should seek the law at his mouth: for he [is] the m
messenger of the LORD of hosts.
(l) He is as the treasure house of God's word, and ought to
give to everyone according to their need, and not to
reserve it for himself.
(m) Showing that whoever does not declare God's will, is not
his messenger, and priest.
2:10 Have we not all one n father? hath not one God created
us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his
brother, by profaning the covenant of o our fathers?
(n) The Prophet accuses the ingratitude of the Jews toward
God and man: for seeing they were all born of one
father Abraham, as God had elected them to be his holy
people, they ought neither to offend God nor their
(o) By which they had bound themselves to God to be a holy
2:11 Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is
committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath
profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath
married the p daughter of a strange god.
(p) They have united themselves in marriage with those that
are of another religion.
2:12 The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master
and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him
that q offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.
(q) That is, the priest.
2:13 And this have ye done again, r covering the altar of the
LORD with tears, with weeping, and with crying out,
insomuch that he regardeth not the offering any more, or
receiveth [it] with good will at your hand.
(r) Yet cause the people to lament, because God does not
regard their sacrifices, so that they seem to sacrifice
2:14 Yet ye say, s Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been
witness between thee and the wife of thy youth, against
whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet [is] she thy t
companion, and the wife of thy u covenant.
(s) This is another fault, of which he accuses them, that
is, that they broke the laws of marriage.
(t) As the one half of yourself.
(u) She that was united to you by a solemn covenant, and by
the invocation of God's name.
2:15 And did not x he make one? Yet had he the y residue of
the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly
z seed. Therefore take heed to your a spirit, and let
none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
(x) Did not God make man and woman as one flesh and not
(y) By his power and strength he could have made many women
for one man.
(z) Those who should be born in lawful and moderate
marriage, in which is no excess of lusts.
(a) Contain yourselves within your bounds, and be sober in
mind, and bridle your affections.
2:16 For the LORD, the God of Israel, saith that he b hateth
putting away: for [one] covereth c violence with his
garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to
your spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
(b) Not that he allows divorce, but of two faults he shows
which is the less.
(c) He thinks it sufficient to keep his wife still, even
though he takes others, and so as it were covers his
2:17 Ye have d wearied the LORD with your words. Yet ye say,
Wherein have we wearied [him]? When ye say, Every one that
doeth e evil [is] good in the sight of the LORD, and he
delighteth in them; or, Where [is] the God of f judgment?
(d) You murmur against God, because he did not hear you as
soon as you called.
(e) In thinking that God favoured the wicked, and had no
respect for those that serve him.
(f) Thus they blasphemed God in condemning his power and
justice, because he did not judge according to their