19:1 And 1 [Jesus] entered and passed through Jericho.
(1) Christ especially guides by his grace those who seem to be
furthest from it.
19:2 And, behold, [there was] a man named Zacchaeus, which was
the a chief among the publicans, and he was rich.
(a) The overseer and head of the publicans who were there
together: for the publicans were divided into
companies, as we may gather from many places in the
orations of Cicero.
19:72 And when they saw [it], they all murmured, saying, That
he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.
(2) The world forsakes the grace of God, and yet is unwilling
that it should be bestowed upon others.
19:83 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold,
Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I
have taken any thing from any man by b false accusation,
I restore [him] fourfold.
(3) The example of true repentance is known by the effect.
(b) By falsely accusing any man: and this agrees most fitly
to the master of the tax gatherers: for commonly they
have this practice among them when they rob and spoil
the commonwealth, that they claim to be concerned for
nothing else except the profit of the commonwealth,
and under this pretence they are thieves, and to such
an extent that if men reprove them and try to redress
their robbery and thievery, they cry out that the
commonwealth is hindered.
19:9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this
house, forsomuch as he also is a c son of Abraham.
(c) Beloved of God, one that walks in the steps of
Abraham's faith: and we gather that salvation came to
that house because they received the blessing as
Abraham had. (Ed.)
19:114 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a
parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because
they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately
(4) We must patiently wait for the judgment of God which will
be revealed in his time.
19:135 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten
pounds, and said unto them, Occupy till I come.
(5) There are three sorts of men in the Church: the one sort
fall from Christ whom they do not see; the other, according
to their God given position, bestow the gifts which they
have received from God to his glory, with great pains and
diligence; the third live idly and do no good. As for the
first, the Lord when he comes will justly punish them in
his time; the second he will bless according to the pains
which they have taken; and as for the slothful and idle
persons, he will punish them like the first.
19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, d thy pound hath
gained ten pounds.
(d) This was a piece of money which the Greeks used, and
was worth about one hundred pence, which is about ten
19:206 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, [here is] thy
pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:
(6) Against those who idly spend their life in deliberating and
19:23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the e bank,
that at my coming I might have required mine own with
(e) To the bankers and money changers. Usury or loaning
money at interest is strictly forbidden by the Bible,
(Ex 22:25-27 De 23:19,20). Even a rate as low
as one per cent interest was disallowed,
(Ne 5:11). This servant had already told two
lies. First he said the master was an austere or harsh
man. This is a lie for the Lord is merciful and
gracious. Next he called his master a thief because he
reaped where he did not sow. Finally the master said
to him that why did you not add insult to injury and
loan the money out at interest so you could call your
master a "usurer" too! If the servant had done this,
his master would have been responsible for his
servant's actions and guilty of usury. (Ed.)
19:28 And when he had thus spoken, f he went before, ascending
up to Jerusalem.
(f) The disciples were staggered and stopped by what
Christ said, but Christ goes on boldly even though
death was before his eyes.
19:297 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to
Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called [the mount] of
Olives, he sent two of his disciples,
(7) Christ shows in his own person that his kingdom is not of
19:398 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude
said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
(8) When those linger who ought to preach and set forth the
kingdom of God the most, he will extraordinarily raise up
others in spite of them.
19:419 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and
wept over it,
(9) Christ is not delighted with destruction, no not even of the
19:42g Saying, h If thou hadst known, even thou, i at
least in this k thy day, the things [which belong] unto
thy l peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
(g) Christ stops his speech, which partly shows how
moved he was with compassion over the destruction of
the city that was surely to come: and partly to
reprove them for their treachery and stubbornness
against him, such as has not been heard of before.
(h) You at the very least, O Jerusalem, to whom the
message was properly sent.
(i) If after slaying so many prophets, and so often
refusing me, the Lord of the prophets, if only now,
especially in my last coming to you, you had any
concern for yourself.
(k) The good and prosperous time is called the day of
(l) That is, those things in which your happiness stands.
19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children
within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone
upon another; because thou knewest not m the time of thy
(m) That is, this very instant in which God visited you.
19:4510 And he went into the temple, and began to cast out
them that sold therein, and them that bought;
(10) Christ shows after his entry into Jerusalem by a visible
sign that it is his duty, given and admonished unto him by
his Father, to purge the temple.