4:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall
sin through a ignorance against any of the commandments of
the LORD [concerning things] which ought not to be done, and
shall do against any of them:
(a) That is, of negligence or ignorance, especially in the
ceremonial law: for otherwise the punishment for a crime
is determined according to the transgression,
4:3 If b the priest that is anointed do sin according to the
sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he
hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD
for a sin offering.
(b) Meaning, the high priest.
4:4 And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the
tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall
lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and c kill the
bullock before the LORD.
(c) By this confessing that he deserved the same punishment
which the beast suffered.
4:6 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and
sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD, before
the vail of the d sanctuary.
(d) Which was between the holiest of holies and the
4:7 And the priest shall put [some] of the blood upon the horns
of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which [is] in
the e tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all
the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the
burnt offering, which [is at] the door of the tabernacle of
(e) Which was in the court: meaning by the tabernacle the
sanctuary: and in the end of this verse it is taken for
4:13 And if the f whole congregation of Israel sin through
ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the
assembly, and they have done [somewhat against] any of the
commandments of the LORD [concerning things] which should
not be done, and are guilty;
(f) The multitude does not excuse the sin, but if all have
sinned, they must all be punished.
4:15 And the g elders of the congregation shall lay their
hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD: and the
bullock shall be killed before the LORD.
(g) For all the people could not lay on their hands:
therefore it was sufficient that the elders of the
people did it in the name of all the congregation.
4:24 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and
kill it h in the place where they kill the burnt offering
before the LORD: it [is] a sin offering.
(h) That is, the priest shall kill it; for it was not
lawful for any out of that office to kill the beast.
4:26 And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of
the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make
i an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it
shall be forgiven him.
(i) In which he represented Jesus Christ.
4:29k And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin
offering, and slay the sin offering in the place of the
4:33 And he shall lay his l hand upon the head of the sin
offering, and slay it for a sin offering in the place where
they kill the burnt offering.
(l) Meaning that the punishment of his sin should be laid
on the beast, or, that he had received all things from
God, and offered this willingly.
4:35 And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of
the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace
offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar,
m according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD:
and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he
hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
(m) Or, besides the burnt offerings, which were daily
offered to the Lord.