16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother,
that he come not at a all times into the holy [place]
within the vail before the mercy seat, which [is] upon the
ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon
the mercy seat.
(a) The high priest entered into the holiest of holies just
once a year in the month of September.
16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for
the LORD, and the other lot for the b scapegoat.
(b) In Hebrew it is called Azazel, which some say is a
mountain near Sinai, where this goat was sent. Rather
it is called the scapegoat because it was not offered
but sent into the desert, as in (Le 16:11).
16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire
from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of
sweet incense beaten small, and bring [it] within the c
c The holiest of holies.
16:14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and
sprinkle [it] with his finger upon the mercy seat d
eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of
the blood with his finger seven times.
(d) That is, on the side which was toward the people: for
the head of the sanctuary stood westward.
16:16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy [place],
because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and
because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so
shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that
e remaineth among them in the midst of their
(e) Placed among them who are unclean.
16:18 And he shall go out unto the f altar that [is] before
the LORD, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of
the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat,
and put [it] upon the horns of the altar round about.
(f) Upon which the sweet incense and perfume was offered.
16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the
live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the
children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all
their sins, putting them g upon the head of the goat,
and shall send [him] away by the hand of a fit man into
(g) In this goat is a true figure of Jesus Christ, who
bears the sins of the people, (Is 53:9).
16:24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in h the holy
place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer
his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people,
and make an atonement for himself, and for the people.
16:29 And [this] shall be a statute for ever unto you: [that] in
the i seventh month, on the tenth [day] of the month, ye
shall k afflict your souls, and do no work at all,
[whether it be] one of your own country, or a stranger
that sojourneth among you:
(i) Which was Tisri, part September and part October.
(k) Meaning, by abstinence and fasting, (Nu 29:7).
16:31 It [shall be] a l sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall
afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.
(l) Or a rest which you shall keep most diligently.
16:32 And the priest, m whom he shall anoint, and whom he
shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his
father's stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on
the linen clothes, [even] the holy garments:
(m) Whom the priest shall anoint by God's commandment to
succeed in his father's place.