1:1 And the a LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out
of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,
The Argument - As God daily by most singular benefits declared
himself mindful of his Church: he did not want them to have
opportunity to trust either in themselves, or to depend on
others, either for lack of physical things, or anything that
belonged to his divine service and religion. Therefore he
ordained various kinds of duties and sacrifices, to assure
them of forgiveness for their offences (if they offered them
in true faith and obedience.) Also he appointed the priests
and levites, their apparel, offices, conversation and
portion; he showed what feasts they should observe, and
when. Moreover, he declares by these sacrifices and
ceremonies that the reward of sin is death, and that without
the blood of Christ the innocent Lamb, there can be no
forgiveness of sins. Because they should not give priority
to their own inventions (which God detested, as appears by
the terrible example of Nadab and Abihu) he prescribed even
to the least things, what they should do, what beasts they
should offer and eat, what diseases were contagious and to
be avoided, how they should purge all types of filthiness
and pollution, whose company they should flee, what
marriages were lawful, and what customs were profitable.
After declaring these things, he promised favour and blessing
to those who keep his laws, and threatened his curse to
those who transgressed them.
(a) By this Moses declares that he taught nothing to the
people but that which he received from God.
1:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any
man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring
your offering of the b cattle, [even] of the herd, and of
(b) So they could offer of no other sort, but of those who
1:3 If his offering [be] a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him
offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own
voluntary will at the door of the c tabernacle of the
congregation before the LORD.
(c) Meaning, within the court of the tabernacle.
1:5 And d he shall kill the bullock before the LORD: and the
priests, Aaron's sons, shall bring the blood, and sprinkle
the blood round about upon the e altar that [is by] the
door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
(d) A priest of the Levites.
(e) Of the burnt offering, (Ex 27:1).
1:9 But his inwards and his legs shall he wash in water: and the
priest shall burn all on the altar, [to be] a burnt
sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour f
unto the LORD.
(f) Or a savour of rest, which pacifies the anger of the
1:11g And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward
h before the LORD: and the priests, Aaron's sons, shall
sprinkle his blood round about upon the altar.
(g) Read (Le 1:5).
(h) Before the altar of the Lord.
1:15 And the priest shall bring it unto the altar, and i wring
off his head, and burn [it] on the altar; and the blood
thereof shall be wrung out at the side of the altar:
(i) The Hebrew word signifies to pinch off with the nail.
1:16 And he shall pluck away his crop with his feathers, and
cast it beside the altar on the k east part, by the place
of the ashes:
(k) On the side of the court gate in the pans which stood
with ashes; (Ex 27:3).