7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the a
accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of
Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the
accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled
against the children of Israel.
(a) In taking that which was commanded to be destroyed.
7:2 And Joshua sent men from Jericho to b Ai, which [is]
beside Bethaven, on the east side of Bethel, and spake unto
them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went
up and viewed Ai.
(b) This was a city of the Amorites: for there was another
so called among the Amorites, (Jer 49:3). The first
Ai is called Aiah, (Isa 10:28).
7:5 And the c men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six
men: for they chased them [from] before the gate [even] unto
Shebarim, and smote them in the going down: wherefore the
hearts of the people melted, and became as water.
(c) God would by this overthrow make them more earnest to
search out and punish the sin committed.
7:7 And Joshua said, Alas, O Lord GOD, wherefore hast thou at
all brought this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the
hand of the Amorites, to destroy us? would to God we had
been content, and dwelt on the d other side Jordan!
(d) This infirmity of his faith shows how we are inclined by
nature to distrust.
7:9 For the Canaanites and all the inhabitants of the land shall
hear [of it], and shall environ us round, and cut off our
name from the earth: and what wilt thou do unto thy great
(e) When your enemies will blaspheme you and say that you
were not able to defend us from them.
7:12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before
their enemies, [but] turned [their] backs before their
enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with
you any more, except ye f destroy the accursed from among
(f) Then to allow wickedness unpunished, is to refuse God
7:13 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves
against to morrow: for thus saith the LORD God of Israel,
[There is] an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O
Israel: thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye
take away the g accursed thing from among you.
(g) Meaning, the man that took of the thing forbidden.
7:15 And it shall be, [that] he that is h taken with the
accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he
hath: because he hath transgressed the covenant of the
LORD, and because he hath wrought folly in Israel.
(h) That is found guilty, either by lots, or by the
judgment of Urim. (Nu 27:21).
7:19 And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee,
glory to the LORD God of Israel, and i make confession
unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide [it]
not from me.
(i) By declaring truth: for God is glorified when the truth
7:21 When I saw among the spoils a goodly k Babylonish
garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of
gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took
them; and, behold, they [are] hid in the earth in the midst
of my tent, and the silver under it.
(k) Such a rich garment as the states of Babylon wore.
7:24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of
Zerah, and the silver, and the garment, and the l wedge
of gold, and his m sons, and his daughters, and his oxen,
and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he
had: and they brought them unto the valley of Achor.
l Some read a plate: others, a rod, and some a tongue.
(m) This judgment belonged only to God, and to whom he will
reveal it. He had commanded man not to punish the child
for the father's sins, (De 24:16).
7:25 And Joshua said, n Why hast thou troubled us? the LORD
shall trouble thee this day. And all Israel stoned him with
stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned
them with stones.
(n) He declares that this is God's judgment because he had
offended, and caused others to be slain.