22:1 Then a Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and
the half tribe of Manasseh,
(a) After that the Israelites enjoyed the land of Canaan.
22:2 And said unto them, Ye have kept all that Moses the servant
of the LORD b commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in
all that I commanded you:
(b) Which was to go armed before their brethren,
22:5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law,
which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to c
love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to
keep his commandments, and to cleave unto him, and to serve
him with all your heart and with all your soul.
(c) He shows where fulfilling the Law consists.
22:6 So Joshua d blessed them, and sent them away: and they
went unto their tents.
(d) He commended them to God, and prayed for them.
22:8 And he spake unto them, saying, Return with much riches
unto your tents, and with very much cattle, with silver,
and with gold, and with brass, and with iron, and with very
much raiment: divide the spoil of your enemies with your
22:10 And when they came unto the borders of Jordan, that [are]
in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben and the
children of Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh built f
there an altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to.
(f) That is, beyond Jordan: for sometime the whole country
on both sides of Jordan is referred to as Canaan.
22:12 And when the children of Israel heard [of it], the whole
congregation of the children of Israel gathered themselves
together at Shiloh, to go up g to war against them.
(g) Such was their zeal, that they would rather lose their
lives, that allow the true religion to be changed or
22:16 Thus saith h the whole congregation of the LORD, What
trespass [is] this that ye have committed against the God
of Israel, to turn away this day from following the LORD,
in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel
this day against the LORD?
(h) Not only of the princes, but also of the common
22:17 [Is] the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we
are not l cleansed until this day, although there was a
plague in the congregation of the LORD,
(l) Meaning, God is not fully pacified, in that no
punishment can be sufficient for such wickedness and
22:19 Notwithstanding, if the land of your possession [be] k
unclean, [then] pass ye over unto the land of the
possession of the LORD, wherein the LORD'S tabernacle
dwelleth, and take possession among us: but l rebel not
against the LORD, nor rebel against us, in building you an
altar beside the altar of the LORD our God.
(k) In your judgment.
(l) To use any other service than God has appointed is to
rebel against God, (1Sa 15:23).
22:20 Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the
accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation of
Israel? and that man m perished not alone in his
(m) Signifying, that if many suffered for one man's sin,
for the fault of many, all should suffer.
22:23 That we have built us an altar to turn from following the
LORD, or if to offer thereon burnt offering or meat
offering, or if to offer peace offerings thereon, let the
LORD n himself require [it];
(n) Let him punish us.
22:25 For the LORD hath made Jordan a border between us and you,
ye children of Reuben and children of Gad; ye have no part
in the LORD: so shall your children make our children o
cease from fearing the LORD.
(o) Or, to turn back from the true God.
22:28 Therefore said we, that it shall be, when they should [so]
say to us or to our p generations in time to come, that
we may say [again], Behold the pattern of the altar of the
LORD, which our fathers made, not for burnt offerings, nor
for sacrifices; but it [is] a witness between us and you.
(p) They signify a wonderful care that they bore toward
their posterity, that they might live in the true
service of God.
22:31 And Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest said unto the
children of Reuben, and to the children of Gad, and to the
children of Manasseh, This day we perceive that the LORD
[is] q among us, because ye have not committed this
trespass against the LORD: now ye have r delivered the
children of Israel out of the hand of the LORD.
(q) By preserving and governing us.
(r) Whom if ye had offended; he would have punished with