4:1 But it displeased a Jonah exceedingly, and he was very
(a) Because by this he would be taken as a false prophet,
and so the name of God, which he preached, would be
4:2 And he prayed unto the LORD, and said, I pray thee, O LORD,
[was] not this my saying, when I was yet in my country?
Therefore I fled before unto b Tarshish: for I knew that
thou [art] a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and
of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil.
4:3 Therefore now, O LORD, take, I beseech thee, my life c
from me; for [it is] better for me to die than to live.
(c) Thus he prayed from grief, fearing that God's name by
this forgiveness might be blasphemed, as though he sent
his Prophets forth to make known his judgments in vain.
4:4 Then said the LORD, Doest thou well to be d angry?
(d) Will you judge when I do things for my glory, and when I
4:5 So Jonah went out of the city, and sat on the east side of
the city, and there made him a booth, and sat under it in
the shadow, e till he might see what would become of the
(e) For he doubted as yet whether God would show them mercy
or not, and therefore after forty days he departed out
of the city, to see what God would do.
4:6 And the LORD God prepared a f gourd, and made [it] to come
up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to
deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of
(f) Which was a further means to cover him from the heat of
the sun, as he remained in his booth.
4:9 And God said to Jonah, Doest thou well to be angry for the
gourd? And he said, I do well to be g angry, [even] unto
(g) This declares the great inconveniences into which God's
servants fall when they give place to their own
affections, and do not in all things willingly submit
themselves to God.
4:11 And should h not I spare Nineveh, that great city,
wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that i
cannot discern between their right hand and their left
hand; and [also] much cattle?
(h) Thus God mercifully reproves him who would pity himself
and this gourd, and yet would keep God from showing his
compassion to so many thousand people.
(i) Meaning that they were children and infants.