49:1 Concerning the a Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath
Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why [then] doth their king
b inherit Gad, and his people dwell in c his cities?
(a) They were separated from the Moabites by the river
Arnon, and after the ten tribes were carried away into
captivity, they invaded the country of Gad.
(b) That is, of the Ammonites.
(c) Meaning, of the Israelites.
49:2 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I
will cause an alarm of war to be heard in d Rabbah of the
Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her
daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be
heir to them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.
(d) Which was one of the chief cities of the Ammonites, as
were Heshbon and Ai: there was also a city called
Heshbon among the Moabites.
49:4 Why gloriest thou in the e valleys, thy flowing valley, O
backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures,
[saying], Who shall come to me?
(e) In your plentiful country.
49:5 Behold, I will bring f a fear upon thee, saith the Lord
GOD of hosts, from all those that are about thee; and ye
shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall
gather up him that wandereth.
(f) Signifying that power and riches cannot prevail when
God will execute his judgments.
49:6 And h afterward I will bring again the captives of the
children of Ammon, saith the LORD.
(h) In the time of Christ, when the Gentiles will be
49:7 Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; [Is] wisdom
no more in i Teman? hath counsel perished from the
prudent? hath their wisdom vanished?
(i) Which was a city of Edom, called by the name of Teman
Eliphaz's son, who came from Esau.
49:8 Flee ye, k turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan;
for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time
[that] I will punish him.
(k) The enemies that pretend to flee, will turn back and
invade your land, and possess it.
49:9 If l grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave
[some] gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will
destroy till they have enough.
(l) Meaning that God would utterly destroy them and not
spare one, though the grape gatherers leave some
grapes, and thieves seek but till they have enough,
49:11 Leave thy m fatherless children, I will preserve [them]
alive; and let thy widows trust in me.
(m) The destruction will be so great that there will be
none left to take care of the widows and the
49:12 For thus saith the LORD; n Behold, they whose judgment
[was] not to drink of the cup have assuredly drank; and
[art] thou he [that] shall altogether go unpunished? thou
shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink [of
(n) I have not spared my own people and how should I pity
49:13 For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that o
Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and
a curse; and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes.
(o) Which was a chief city of Edom.
49:14 I have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is
sent to the nations, [saying], Gather ye together, and
come against p her, and rise up to the battle.
(p) That is, Bozrah.
49:19 Behold, q he shall come up like a lion from the swelling
of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will
suddenly make r him run away from her: and who [is] a
chosen [man, that] I may appoint over her? for who [is]
like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who [is]
that s shepherd that will stand before me?
(q) That is, Nebuchadnezzar after he has overcome Judah,
which is meant by the swelling of Jordan, will come
against mount Seir and Edom.
(r) That is, the Israelites whom the Edomites kept as
prisoners to hast away from there.
(s) The captain and governor of the army meaning
49:20 Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken
against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed
against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least t of
the flock shall draw them out: surely u he shall make
their habitations desolate with them.
(t) They will not be able to resist his petty captains.
(u) To visit the enemy.
49:22 Behold, he shall come up and fly as the eagle, x and
spread his wings over Bozrah: and at that day shall the
heart of the mighty men of Edom be as the heart of a woman
in her pangs.