46:1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet
against the a Gentiles;
(a) That is, nine nations which are around the land of
46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of b Pharaohnecho king of
Egypt, who was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, whom
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of
Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.
46:3c Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to
(c) He warns the Egyptians to prepare themselves for war.
46:5d Why have I seen them dismayed [and] turned away back?
and their mighty ones are beaten down, and have fled apace,
and look not back: [for] fear [was] on all sides, saith the
(d) The prophet had this vision of the Egyptians who would
be put to flight by the Babylonians at Carchemish.
46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape;
they shall stumble, and fall toward the e north by the
(e) The Babylonians will discomfit them at the river
46:7 Who [is] this [that] cometh up as f a flood, whose waters
are moved as the rivers?
(f) He derides the boastings of the Egyptians, who thought
by their riches and power to have overcome all the
world, alluding to the Nile river, which at certain
times overflows the country of Egypt.
46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the
mighty men come forth; g the Cushites and the Libyans,
that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle [and]
bend the bow.
(g) For these nations took part with the Egyptians.
46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of
vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and
the sword shall devour, and it shall be satisfied and made
drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath h
a sacrifice in the north country i by the river
(h) He calls the slaughter of God's enemies a sacrifice,
because it is a thing that pleases him,
(i) That is, at Carchemish.
46:11 Go up into Gilead, k and take balm, O virgin, the l
daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many m
medicines; [for] thou shalt not be cured.
(k) For at Gilead there grew a most sovereign balm for
(l) So called, because Egypt had not yet been overcome by
(m) He sows that no salve or medicine can prevail where
God gives the wound.
46:16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they
said, Arise, and let us go again to our n own people,
and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing
(n) As they who would repent that they helped the
46:17 They cried there, Pharaoh king of Egypt [is but] a noise;
he o hath passed the time appointed.
(o) He derides them who blame their overthrow on lack of
counsel and policy, or to fortune and not observing of
time: not considering that it is God's just judgment.
46:18 [As] I live, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of
hosts, Surely as Tabor [is] among the mountains, and as
Carmel by the sea, [so] shall p he come.
(p) That is, that the Egyptians will be destroyed.
46:20 Egypt [is like] a very q fair heifer, [but] destruction
cometh; it cometh out of the north.
(q) They have abundance of all things, and therefore are
disobedient and proud.
46:21 Also her hired men r [are] in the midst of her like
fatted bulls; for they also have turned back, [and] have
fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of
their calamity had come upon them, [and] the time of their
46:22 Its voice shall go like a s serpent; for they shall
march with an army, and come against t her with axes, as
hewers of wood.
(s) They will be scarcely able to speak for fear of the
(t) Meaning Egypt.
46:23 They shall cut down u her forest, saith the LORD, though
it cannot be searched; because they are more than the
(x) grasshoppers, and [are] innumerable.
(u) That is, they will slay the great and mighty men of
(x) That is, Nebuchadnezzar's army.
46:25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I
will punish the y multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and
Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and
[all] them that trust in him:
(y) Some take the Hebrew word Amon for the kings name of
No, that is, of Alexandria.
46:26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek
their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of
Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward
it shall be inhabited, as z in the days of old, saith
46:27a But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not
dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from
afar, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and
Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none
shall make [him] afraid.
(a) God comforts all his that were in captivity but
especially the small Church of the Jews, of which were
Jeremiah and Baruch, who remained among the Egyptians:
for the Lord never forsakes his,
(Isa 44:2, Jer 30:10).
46:28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I
[am] with thee; for I will make a full end of all the
nations where I have driven thee: but I will not make a
full end of thee, but correct b thee in measure; yet
will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.