25:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of
Judah in the a fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah
king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadnezzar
king of Babylon;
(a) That is, in the third year accomplished and in the
beginning of the fourth: for though Nebuchadnezzar
began to reign in the end of the third year of
Jehoiakim's reign yet that year is not counted here
because it was almost over, (Da 1:1).
25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of
Judah, even to b this day, that [is] the three and
twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come to me, and I
have spoken to you, c rising early and speaking; but ye
have not hearkened.
(b) Which was the fifth year and the ninth month of
(c) That is, I have spared no diligence or labour,
25:5 They d said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil
way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the
land that the LORD hath given to you and to your fathers
for ever and ever:
(d) He shows that the prophets, wholly with one consent
laboured to pull the people from those vices, which
then reigned, that is, from idolatry and the vain
confidence of men: for under these two all others were
contained, (2Ki 17:13, Jer 18:11,35:15, Jon 3:8).
25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the e families of the
north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadnezzar the king of
Babylon, my f servant, and will bring them against this
land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these
nations g around, and will utterly destroy them, and make
them an horror, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
(e) The Chaldeans and all their power.
(f) So the wicked and Satan himself are God's servants,
because he makes them serve him by constraint and turns
that which they do out of malice to his honour and
(g) As the Philistines, Ammonites, Egyptians and others.
25:10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the
voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the
voice of the bride, the sound of the h millstones, and
the light of the candle.
(h) Meaning that bread and all things that would serve to
their feasts would be taken away.
25:12 And it shall come to pass, when i seventy years are
accomplished, [that] I will punish k the king of
Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their
iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it
(i) This revelation was for the confirmation of his
prophecy because he told them of the time that they
would enter and remain in captivity,
(2Ch 36:22, Ezr 1:1, Jer 29:10, Da 9:2).
(k) For seeing the judgment began at his own house, the
enemies must be punished most grievously,
(Eze 9:6, 1Pe 4:17).
25:14 For many nations and great kings shall be l served by
them also: and I will recompense them according to their
deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.
25:15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel to me; m Take the
wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the
nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
(m) Signifying the extreme affliction that God had
appointed for everyone, (Ps 75:8, Isa 51:17) and
this cup which the wicked drink, is more bitter than
that which he gives to his children, for he measures
the one by mercy, and the other by justice.
25:18 [That is], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and her
kings, and her princes, to make them a desolation, an
horror, an hissing, and a curse; n as [it is] this day;
(n) For now it begins and will so continue till it is
25:20 And all the mixed people, and all the kings of the land
o of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the
Philistines, and p Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and
the remnant of Ashdod,
(o) Read (Job 1:1).
(p) Which were cities of the Philistines.
25:21q Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
(q) Edom is here taken for the whole country and Uz for a
part of it.
25:22 And all the kings of Tyre, and all the kings of Zidon, and
the kings of the r isles which [are] beyond the sea,
(r) As Greece, Italy and the rest of those countries.
25:23s Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all [that are] in the
(s) These were people of Arabia which came of Dedan the
son of Abraham and Keturah.
25:24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the
mixed people that dwell in the t desert,
(t) For there were two countries so named, the one called
plentiful and the other barren, or desert.
25:26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with
another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are]
upon the face of the earth: and the king of u Sheshach
shall drink after them.
25:29 For, lo, x I begin to bring evil on the city which is
called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye
shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon
all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
25:33 And y the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from
[one] end of the earth even to the [other] end of the
earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor
buried; they shall be refuse upon the ground.
(y) They who are slain at the Lord's appointment.
25:34 Howl, z ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in
the ashes], ye chief of the flock: for the days of your
slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye
shall fall like a a pleasant vessel.
(z) You that are chief rulers, and governors.
(a) Which are most easily broken.
25:35 And the b shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the
chief of the flock to escape.