8:1 And the men of Ephraim said unto him, a Why hast thou
served us thus, that thou calledst us not, when thou wentest
to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him
(a) They began to object, because he had the glory of the
8:2 And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of
b you? [Is] not the c gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim
better than the vintage of Abiezer?
(b) Who have slain two princes, Oreb and Zeeb.
(c) This last act of the whole tribe is more famous, than
the whole enterprise of one man of one family.
8:5 And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, d
loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they
[be] faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna,
kings of Midian.
(d) Or, some small portion.
8:6 And the princes of Succoth said, [Are] the e hands of
Zebah and Zalmunna now in thine hand, that we should give
bread unto thine army?
(e) Because you have overcome a handful, do you think to
have overcome the whole?
8:9 And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, saying, When I
come again f in peace, I will break down this tower.
(f) Having gotten the victory.
8:10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna [were] g in Karkor, and their
hosts with them, about fifteen thousand [men], all that
were left of all the hosts of the children of the east: for
there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew
(g) A city east of Jordan.
8:11 And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in h
tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the
host: for the host was secure.
(h) He went by the wilderness where the Arabians dwelt in
8:13 And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle i before
the sun [was up],
(i) Some read, the sun being yet high.
8:19 And he said, They [were] my brethren, [even] the k sons
of my mother: [as] the LORD liveth, if ye had saved them
alive, I would not slay you.
(k) We all came from the same womb: therefore I will be
8:21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us:
for l as the man [is, so is] his strength. And Gideon
arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the
ornaments that [were] on their camels' necks.
(l) Meaning, that they would be freed from their pain at
once, or else have a valiant man put them to death.
8:22 Then the men of Israel said unto Gideon, Rule thou over us,
both thou, and thy son, and thy m son's son also: for
thou hast delivered us from the hand of Midian.
(m) That is, thy posterity.
8:24 And Gideon said unto them, n I would desire a request of
you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his
prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they [were]
(n) His intent was to show himself thankful for this
victory by restoring religion, which because it was not
according to God's command, turned to their
8:27 And Gideon made an o ephod thereof, and put it in his
city, [even] in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a
whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon,
and to his house.