2:1 And an a angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim,
and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought
you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I
said, I will never break my covenant with you.
(a) That is, messenger, or prophet, as some think, Phinehas.
2:6 And when Joshua had b let the people go, the children of
Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the
(b) After that he had divided to every man his portion by
lot, (Jos 24:28).
2:7 And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and
all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had
seen all the great c works of the LORD, that he did for
(c) Meaning, the wonders and miracles.
2:9 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in d
Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of
the hill Gaash.
(d) Heres, by turning the letters backward is Sereh, as in
2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the
LORD, and served e Baalim:
(e) That is, all manner of idols.
2:13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and f
(f) These were idols, which had the form of a ewe or sheep
among the Sidonians.
2:15g Whithersoever they went out, the h hand of the LORD
was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the
LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.
(g) In all their enterprises.
(h) The vengeance.
2:17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they
went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto
them: they turned quickly out of the i way which their
fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD;
[but] they did not so.
(i) Meaning, from the true religion.
2:18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was
with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their
enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD
because of their groanings k by reason of them that
oppressed them and vexed them.
(k) Seeing their cruelty.
2:21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them
of the l nations which Joshua left when he died:
(l) As the Hivites, Jebusites, Amorites, etc.
2:22 That through them I may m prove Israel, whether they will
keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers
did keep [it], or not.
(m) So that both outward enemies and false prophets are but
a trial to prove our faith, (De 13:3, Jud 3:1).