5:1 Go 1 to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your
miseries that shall come upon [you].
(1) He denounces utter destruction to the wicked and profane
rich men, and such as are drowned in their riotousness,
mocking their foolish confidence when there is
nothing indeed more vain than such things.
5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your
fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the
cries of them which have reaped are entered into the a
ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
(a) The Lord who is more mighty than ye are, hath heard
5:5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye
have b nourished your hearts, as in a c day of
(b) You have pampered yourselves.
(c) The Hebrews call a day that is appointed to solemn
banqueting, a day of slaughter or feasting.
5:72 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the
Lord. 3 Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious
fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he
receive the early and latter rain.
(2) He applies that to the poor, which he spoke against the
rich, warning them to wait for the Lord's coming patiently,
who will avenge the injuries which the rich men do to them.
(3) The taking away of an objection: Although his coming seems
to linger, yet at the least we must follow the farmer, we
who do patiently wait for the times that are fitting for
the fruits of the earth. And again, God will not postpone
the least bit of the time that he has appointed.
5:94d Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be
condemned: 5 behold, the judge standeth before the door.
(4) He commends Christian patience, for that which others
through impatience use to accuse one another, the faithful
on the other hand, do not complain though they receive
(d) By grudging he means a certain inward complaining which
(5) The conclusion: The Lord is at the door and will defend his
own and avenge his enemies, and therefore we do not need to
5:106 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the
name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction,
and of patience.
(6) Because most men will object, that it is good to repel
injuries by whatever means, he contrasts that with the
examples of the fathers whose patience had a most happy
end, because God as a most bountiful Father, never forsakes
5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of
the patience of Job, and have seen the e end of the Lord;
that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
(e) What end the Lord gave.
5:127 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither
by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath:
but let f your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye
fall into condemnation.
(7) Because even the best men sometimes through impatience
slip and speak oaths sometimes lesser, sometimes greater,
the apostle warns us to detest such wickedness, and to
accustom our tongues to simple and true talk.
5:138 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry?
let him sing psalms.
(8) He shows the best remedy against all afflictions, that is,
prayers which have their place both in sorrow and joy.
5:149 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of
the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with
g oil in the h name of the Lord:
9 He shows peculiarly, to what physicians especially we must
go when we are diseased, that is, to the prayers of the
elders, which then also could cure the body, (for so much
as the gift of healing was then in force) and take away
the main cause of sickness and diseases, by obtaining
healing for the sick through their prayers and
(g) This was a sign of the gift of healing: and now seeing
we have the gift no more, the sign is no longer
(h) By calling on the name of the Lord.
5:15 And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord
shall raise him up; and if he have committed i sins, they
shall be forgiven him.
(i) He has reason in making mention of sins, for diseases
are often sent because of sins.
5:1610 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for
another, that ye may be healed. 11 The effectual fervent
prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
(10) Because God pardons the sins of those who confess and
acknowledge them, and not those who justify themselves.
Therefore the apostle adds, we ought to freely confer with
one another concerning those inward diseases, that we may
help one another with our prayers.
(11) He commends prayers by the effects that come of them, that
all men may understand that there is nothing more
effectual than they are, so that they proceed from a pure
5:1912 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one
k convert him;
(12) The taking away of an objection: all rebukes are not
condemned, seeing that on the contrary there is nothing
more acceptable to God than to call into the holy way, a
brother that was wandering out of the way.
(k) Has called him back from his way.