48:1 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who are a called by the
name of Israel, and have come forth out of b the waters
of Judah, who swear by the name of the LORD, and make
mention of the God of Israel, [but] not in truth, nor in
(a) He detects their hypocrisy who claimed to be
Israelites, but were not so.
(b) Meaning, the fountain and stock.
48:2 For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay
themselves c upon the God of Israel; The LORD of hosts
[is] his name.
(c) They make a show, as though they would have no other
48:3 I have declared the former things from the beginning; and
they went forth from my mouth, and I showed d them; I did
[them] suddenly, and they came to pass.
(d) He shows that they could not accuse him in anything, as
he had performed whatever he had promised.
48:4 Because I knew that e thou [art] obstinate, and thy neck
[is] an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
(e) I have done for you more than I promised, that your
stubbornness and impudency might have been overcome.
48:5 I have even from the beginning declared [it] to thee;
before it came to pass I showed f [it] thee: lest thou
shouldest say, My idol hath done them, and my graven image,
and my molten image, hath commanded them.
(f) How you should be delivered out of Babylon.
48:6 Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye g declare
[it]? I have showed ye new things from this time, even
hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
(g) Will you not acknowledge my blessing, and declare it to
48:7 They are created now, and not from the beginning; even
before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou
shouldest say, Behold, I h knew them.
(h) Showing that man's arrogancy is the reason God does not
declare all things at once, lest they should attribute
this knowledge to their own wisdom.
48:8 Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from
that time [that] thy ear was not opened: for I knew that
thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a
transgressor from the i womb.
(i) From the time that I brought you of Egypt: for that
deliverance was as the birth of the Church.
48:9 For my name's sake will I defer my anger, and for my praise
will I refrain for thee, k that I cut thee not off.
(k) As it was my free mercy that I chose you: so it is my
free mercy that must save you.
48:10 Behold, I have refined thee, but l not with silver; I
have m chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
(l) For I had respect to your weakness and infirmity: for
in silver there is some pureness, but in us there is
nothing but dross.
(m) I took you out of the furnace where you would have
48:11 For my own sake, [even] for my own sake, will I do [it]:
for how should [my name] n be profaned? o and I will
not give my glory to another.
(n) God joins the salvation of his with his own honour: so
that they cannot perish, but his glory would be
diminished, as in (De 32:27).
(o) Read (Isa 42:8).
48:12 Hearken to me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; p I [am]
he; I [am] the first, I also [am] the last.