41:1 Keep a silence before me, O isles; and let the people b
renew [their] strength: let them come near; then let them
speak: let us come near together to judgment.
(a) God as though he pleaded his cause with all nations
requires silence, that he may be heard in his right.
(b) That is, gather all their power and supports.
41:2 Who raised up the c righteous [man] from the east, called
him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made
[him] rule over kings? he gave [them] as the dust to his
sword, [and] as driven stubble to his bow.
(c) Who called Abraham (who was the pattern of God's
justice in delivering his Church) from the idolatry of
the Chaldeans to go to and fro at his commandment and
placed him in the land of Canaan.
41:4 Who hath wrought and done [it], calling the d generations
from the beginning? I the LORD, the e first, and with the
last; I [am] he.
(d) Who has created man and maintained his succession.
(e) Though the world set up many gods, yet they diminish
nothing of my glory: for I am all one, unchangeable,
which have ever been and will be for ever.
41:5 The isles saw [it], and f feared; the ends of the earth
were afraid, drew near, and g came.
(f) Considering my excellent works among my people.
(g) They assembled themselves and conspired against me to
maintain their idolatry.
41:6 They helped every one his neighbour; and [every one] said
to his brother, h Be of good courage.
(h) He notes the obstinacy of the idolaters to maintain
41:8 But thou, Israel, [art] my i servant, Jacob whom I have
chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.
(i) And therefore ought not to pollute yourself with the
superstition of the Gentiles.
41:10 Fear thou not; for I [am] with thee: be not dismayed; for
I [am] thy God: I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help
thee; yea, I will uphold thee with the k right hand of
(k) That is, by the force of promise, in the performance
of which I will show myself faithful and just.
41:12 Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not l find them, [even]
them that contended with thee: they that war against thee
shall be as nothing, and as a thing of naught.
(l) Because they will be destroyed.
41:14 Fear not, thou m worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I
will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy
One of Israel.
(m) Thus he calls them because they were contemned of all
the world, and that they considering their own poor
estate should seek him for help.
41:15 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument
having teeth: thou shalt thresh the n mountains, and
beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
(n) I will make you able to destroy all your enemies no
matter how mighty, and this chiefly is referred to the
kingdom of Christ.
41:17 [When] o the poor and needy seek water, and [there is]
none, [and] their tongue faileth for thirst, I the LORD
will hear them, I the God of Israel will not forsake them.
(o) That is, they who will be afflicted in the captivity
41:18 I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the
midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of
water, and the dry p land springs of water.
(p) God would rather change the order of nature than that
they should want anything, who cry to him by true
faith in their miseries: declaring to them by this
that they will lack nothing by the way, when they
return from Babylon.
41:20 That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand
together, that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and
the Holy One of Israel q hath created it.
(q) That is, has appointed and determined that it will
come to pass.
41:21r Produce your cause, saith the LORD; bring forth your
strong [reasons], saith the King of Jacob.
(r) He bids the idolaters to prove their religion and to
bring forth their idols, that they may be tried
whether they know all things, and can do all things,
which if they cannot do, he concludes that they are
not gods, but vile idols.
41:24 Behold, ye [are] of nothing, and your work of naught: an
abomination [is he that] s chooseth you.
(s) So that a man cannot make an idol, without doing that
which God detests and abhors for he chooses his own
devises and forsakes the Lords.
41:25 I have raised up [one] from the north, t and he shall
come: from the rising of the sun shall he u call upon my
name: and he shall come upon x princes as [upon] morter,
and as the potter treadeth clay.
(t) Meaning, the Chaldeans.
(u) That is, Cyrus, who will do all things in my name and
by my direction: by which he means that both their
captivity and deliverance will be ordered by God's
providence and appointment.
(x) Both of the Chaldeans and others.
41:26 Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know?
and in times past, that we may say, [He is] righteous?
verily, [there is] none that sheweth, verily, [there is]
none that declareth, verily, [there is] none that heareth
y your words.
(y) Meaning, that none of the Gentile gods can work any of
41:27 The first [shall say] to Zion, Behold, behold z them:
and I will give to Jerusalem a one that bringeth good
(z) That is, the Israelites who return from the captivity.
(a) That is, a continual succession of prophets and
41:28 For b I beheld, and [there was] no man; even among them,
and [there was] no counsellor, that, when I asked of them,
could answer a word.
(b) When I looked whether the idols could do these things,
I found that they had neither wisdom nor power to do
anything: therefore he concludes that all are wicked
that trust in such vanities.