30:1 Woe to the a rebellious children, saith the LORD, that
take counsel, but not from me; and that b cover with a
covering, but not of my spirit, that they may add sin to
(a) Who contrary to their promise take not me for their
protector and contrary to my commandment seek help from
(b) They seek shifts to cloak their doings and not godly
30:4 For his c princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came
(c) The chief of Israel went into Egypt as an ambassador to
seek help and abode at these cities.
30:6 The d burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of
trouble and anguish, from which [come] the young and the
old lion, the viper and flying serpent, they will carry
their riches upon the shoulders of young donkeys, and their
treasures upon the humps of camels, to a people [that]
shall not profit [them].
(d) That is, a heavy sentence or prophecy against the
beasts that carried their treasures into Egypt, by the
wilderness, which was south from Judah, signifying that
if the beasts would not be spared, the men would be
punished much more grievously.
30:7 For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose:
therefore have I cried e concerning this, Their strength
f [is] to sit still.
(e) That is, to Jerusalem.
(f) And not to come to and fro to seek help.
30:8 Now go, write g it before them in a tablet, and note it
in a book, that it may be for the h time to come for ever
(g) That is, this prophecy.
(h) That is may be a witness against them for all
30:9 That this [is] a rebellious people, lying children,
children [that] will not i hear the law of the LORD:
(i) He shows what was the cause of their destruction and
brings also all misery to man: that is, because they
would not hear the word of God, but delighted to be
flattered and led in error.
30:10 Who say to the seers, See not; and to the prophets,
Prophesy not to us right things, speak to us smooth
things, prophesy k deceits:
(k) Threaten us not by the word of God, neither be so
rigorous, nor talk to us in the Name of the Lord, as
in (Jer 11:21).
30:12 Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, Because ye
despise this word, and trust in l oppression and
perverseness, and lean upon it:
(l) Meaning, in their stubbornness against God and the
admonitions of his prophets.
30:14 And he shall break it as the breaking of the potter's
vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so
that there shall not be found in the bursting of it m a
piece to take fire from the hearth, or to take water out
of the pit.
(m) Signifying that the destruction of the wicked will be
30:15 For thus saith the n Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel;
In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and
in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not.
(n) Often by his prophets he put you in remembrance of
this, that you should only depend on him.
30:16 But ye said, No; for we will flee upon o horses;
therefore shall ye flee: and, We will ride upon the swift;
therefore shall they that pursue you be swift.
(o) We will trust to escape by our horses.
30:17 One thousand [shall flee] at the rebuke of one; at the
rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon
upon the p top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an
(p) Whereas all the trees are cut down save two or three
to make masts.
30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be q
gracious to you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he
may have mercy upon you: for the LORD [is] a God of
(r) judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
(q) He commends the great mercies of God, who with
patience waits to call sinners to repentance.
(r) Not only in punishing but in using moderation in the
same, as in (Jer 10:24,30:11).
30:21 And thy ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This
[is] the way, s walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right
hand, and when ye turn to the left.
(s) God will direct all your ways and appoint you how to
go either hither or thither.
30:22 Ye shall t defile also the covering of thy graven images
of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold:
thou shalt cast them away as a polluted cloth; thou shalt
say to it, u Be gone from me.
(t) You will cast away your idols which you have made of
gold and silver with all that belongs to them, as a
most filthy thing and polluted.
(u) Showing that there can be no true repentance, unless
both in heart and deed we show ourselves enemies to
30:25 And there shall be upon every high x mountain, and upon
every high hill, rivers [and] streams of waters in the day
of the great slaughter, when the towers fall.
(x) By these various manners of speech he shows that the
happiness of the Church will be so great, that no one
is able sufficiently to express it.
30:26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of
the sun, and the light of the y sun shall be sevenfold,
as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD
bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the
stroke of their wound.
(y) When the Church is restored, the glory of it will pass
seven times the brightness of the sun: for by the sun
and moon which are two excellent creations, he shows
what will be the glory of the children of God in the
kingdom of Christ.
30:27 Behold, z the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning
[with] his anger, and the burden [of it is] heavy: his
lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a
(z) This threatening is against the Assyrians the chief
enemies of the people of God.
30:28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to
the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve
of a vanity: and [there shall be] a bridle in the jaws
of the people, causing [them] to err.
(a) To drive you to nothing: and thus God consumes the
wicked by that means, by which he cleanses his.
30:29 Ye shall have a song, as in the b night [when] a holy
solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one
goeth with a pipe to come upon the mountain of the LORD,
to the mighty One of Israel.
(b) You will rejoice at the destruction of your enemies,
as they who sang for joy at the solemn feast, which
began in the evening.
30:31 For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be
beaten down, [who] smote with a c rod.
(c) God's plague.
30:32 And [in] every place where the grounded staff shall pass,
d which the LORD shall lay upon him, [it] shall be with
e tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will he
fight f with it.
(d) It will destroy.
(e) With joy and assurance of the victory.
(f) Against Babel, meaning the Assyrians and Babylonians.
30:33 For g Tophet [is] ordained of old; yea, for the h king
it is prepared; he hath made [it] i deep [and] large:
the pile of it [is] fire and much wood; the breath of the
LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
(g) Here it is taken for hell, where the wicked are
tormented, read (2Ki 23:10).
(h) So that their estate or degree cannot exempt the
(i) By these figurative speeches he declares the condition
of he wicked after this life.