3:1 Wherefore, 1 holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly
calling, consider the a Apostle and High Priest of our b
profession, Christ Jesus;
(1) Having laid the foundation that is to say, declared and
proved both the natures of one Christ, he gives him three
offices, that is, the office of a Prophet, King and Priest,
and concerning the office of teaching, and governing,
compares him with Moses and Joshua from (Heb 3:1-4:14),
and with Aaron concerning the priesthood. He proposes that
which he intends to speak of, with a grave exhortation,
that all our faith may be directed towards Christ, as the
only everlasting teacher, governor, and High Priest.
(a) The ambassador or messenger, as in (Ro 15:8) he is
called the minister of circumcision.
(b) Of the doctrine of the gospel which we profess.
3:22 Who was faithful to him that c appointed him, 3 as
also Moses [was faithful] in all his house.
(2) He confirms his exhortation with two reasons, first of all
because Christ Jesus was appointed as such by God:
secondly, because he thoroughly executed the offices that
his Father commanded him.
(c) Apostle and High Priest.
(3) Now he comes to the comparison with Moses, and he makes
them like one another other in this, that they were both
appointed rulers over God's house, and executed faithfully
their office: but he later shows that there is great
dissimilarity in the same comparison.
3:34 For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than
Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more
honour than the house.
(4) The first comparison: The builder of the house is better
than the house itself, therefore Christ is better than
Moses. The reason for the conclusion is this: because the
builder of the house is God, which cannot be attributed to
Moses; and therefore Moses was not the builder, but a part
of the house: but Christ as Lord and God, made the house.
3:5 And 5 Moses verily [was] faithful in all his house, as a
servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be
(5) Another comparison: Moses was a faithful servant in this
house, that is, in the Church, serving the Lord that was to
come, but Christ rules and governs his house as Lord.
3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; 6 whose d house
are we, if we hold fast the e confidence and the rejoicing
of the hope firm unto the end.
(6) He applies the former doctrine to his purpose, exhorting
all men by the words of David to hear the Son speak, and to
give full credit to his words, seeing that otherwise they
cannot enter into that eternal rest.
(d) That is, Christ's.
(e) He calls confidence the excellent effect of faith (by
which we cry Abba, that is, Father), and to confidence
he adds hope.
3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye f will
hear his voice,
(f) So that God was to speak once again after Moses.
3:8 Harden not your hearts, as in the g provocation, in the
day of temptation in the wilderness:
(g) In the day that they troubled the Lord, or struggled
3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said,
They do alway h err in [their] heart; and they have not
known my ways.
(h) They are brutish and angry.
3:127 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an
evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
(7) Now consider in the words of David, he shows first by this
word "today" that we must not ignore the opportunity while
we have it: for that word is not to be limited to David's
time, but it encompasses all the time in which God calls
3:13 But exhort one another daily, i while it is called To
day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness
(i) While today lasts, that is to say, so long as the
gospel is offered to us.
3:148 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the k
beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
(8) Now he considers these words, "If you hear his voice"
showing that they are spoken and meant of the hearing of
faith, opposite which he places hardening through unbelief.
(k) That beginning of trust and confidence: in the speech
of the Hebrews, he calls "beginning" that which is
3:15l While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice,
harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.