1:1 In the second year of a Darius the king, in the sixth
month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the
LORD by Haggai the prophet unto b Zerubbabel the son of
Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of
Josedech, the high priest, saying,
The Argument - When the time of the seventy years captivity
prophesied by Jeremiah was expired, God raised up Haggai,
Zechariah, and Malachi, to comfort the Jews, and to exhort
them to the building of the temple, which was a figure of
the spiritual Temple and Church of God, whose perfection and
excellency depended on Christ. And because all were given
to their own pleasures and benefits, he declares that that
plague of famine, which God then sent among them, was a just
reward for their ingratitude, in that they condemned God's
honour, who had delivered them. Yet he comforts them, if
they will return to the Lord, with the promise of great
felicity, since the Lord will finish the work that he has
begun, and send Christ whom he had promised, and by whom
they would attain to perfect joy and glory.
(a) Who was the son of Histaspis and the third king of the
Persians, as some think.
(b) Because the building of the temple began to cease, by
reason that the people were discouraged by their
enemies: and if these two notable men had need to be
stirred up and admonished of their duties, what will we
think of other governors, whose doings are either
against God, or very cold in his cause?
1:2 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say,
The time is not come, the time c that the LORD'S house
should be built.
(c) Not that they condemned the building of it, but they
preferred policy and personal profit to religion, being
content with small beginnings.
1:4 [Is it] time for you, O ye, to dwell in your d cieled
houses, and this house [lie] waste?
(d) Showing that they sought not only their necessities, but
their very pleasures before God's honour.
1:6e Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye
have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink;
ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth
wages earneth wages [to put it] into a bag with holes.
(e) Consider the plagues of God upon you for preferring your
policies to his religion, and because you do not seek
him above all else.
1:8 Go f up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the
house; and g I will take pleasure in it, and I will h be
glorified, saith the LORD.
(f) Meaning, that they should leave their own benefits, and
go forward in the building of God's temple, and in the
setting forth of his religion.
(g) That is, I will hear your prayers according to my
promise; (1Ki 8:22,29).
(h) That is, my glory will be set forth by you.
1:9 Ye looked for much, and, lo, [it came] to little; and when
ye brought [it] home, I did blow i upon it. Why? saith the
LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that [is] waste, and
ye run every man unto his own house.
(i) And so bring it to nothing.
1:12 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of
Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the
people, obeyed the k voice of the LORD their God, and the
words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent
him, and the people did fear before the LORD.
(k) This declares that God was the author of the doctrine,
and that Haggai was but the minister, as in (Ex 14:31),
(Jdg 7:20, Ac 15:28).
1:14 And the LORD stirred up l the spirit of Zerubbabel the
son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of
Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit
of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did
work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,
(l) Which declares that men are unable and dull to serve
the Lord, neither can they obey his word or his
messengers, before God reforms their hearts, and gives
them new spirits; (Joh 6:44).