7:1 Now after these things, in the reign of a Artaxerxes king
of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the
son of Hilkiah,
(a) The Hebrews write that many of the kings of Persia were
called by this name, as Pharaoh was a common name to the
kings of Egypt and Caesar to the Romans emperors.
7:5 The son of Abishua, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eleazar,
the son of b Aaron the chief priest:
(b) Ezra traces his family till he comes to Aaron, to prove
that he came from him.
7:6 This Ezra went up from Babylon; and he [was] a ready c
scribe in the law of Moses, which the LORD God of Israel had
given: and the king granted him all his request, according
to the hand of the LORD his God upon him.
(c) He shows here what a scribe is, who had charge to write
the law and to expound it. Whom Mark calls a scribe,
(Mk 12:28), Matthew and Luke called a lawyer or
doctor of the law, (Mt 22:35, Lu 10:25).
7:8 And he came to Jerusalem in the d fifth month, which [was]
in the seventh year e of the king.
(d) That contained part of July and part of August.
(e) Of king Darius.
7:12 Artaxerxes, king of kings, unto Ezra the priest, a scribe
of the law of the God of heaven, perfect [peace], and f
at such a time.
(f) Some take this for the name of a people, some for time
or continuance, meaning that the king wished him long
7:13 I make a decree, that all they of the people of Israel, and
[of] his priests and Levites, in my realm, which are minded
of their own freewill g to go up to Jerusalem, go with
(g) Who still remained in Babylon and had not returned with
7:14 Forasmuch as thou art sent of the king, and of his seven
counsellors, to h enquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem,
according to the law of thy God which [is] in i thine
(h) To examine who lived according to the law.
(i) Of which you are an expert.
7:18 And whatsoever shall seem good to thee, and to thy
brethren, to do with the rest of the silver and the gold,
that do after the will of your k God.
(k) As you know best may serve to God's glory.
7:21 And I, [even] I Artaxerxes the king, do make a decree to
all the treasurers which [are] beyond l the river, that
whatsoever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the
God of heaven, shall require of you, it be done speedily,
(l) Which was the Euphrates river and they were beyond it
in respect to Babylon.
7:22 Unto an hundred talents of silver, and to an hundred
measures of wheat, and to an hundred baths of wine, and to
an hundred m baths of oil, and salt without prescribing
7:23 Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be
diligently done for the house of the God of heaven: for why
should there be wrath n against the realm of the king and
(n) This declares that the fear of God's judgment causes
him to use this liberality, and not the love that he
bore for God's glory or affection for his people.
7:25 And thou, Ezra, after the wisdom of thy God, that [is] in
thine hand, o set magistrates and judges, which may judge
all the people that [are] beyond the river, all such as
know the laws of thy God; and teach ye them that know
(o) He gave Ezra full authority to restore all things
according to the word of God, and to punish them who
resisted and would not obey.
7:27p Blessed [be] the LORD God of our fathers, which hath
put [such a thing] as this in the king's heart, to beautify
the house of the LORD which [is] in Jerusalem:
(p) Thus Ezra gave thanks to God for giving him success in
his business with the king.