32:1 And it came to pass in the a twelfth year, in the twelfth
month, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of
the LORD came to me, saying,
(a) Which was the first year of the general captivity under
32:2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of
Egypt, and say to him, Thou art like a young b lion of
the nations, and thou [art] as a whale in the seas: and
thou didst come forth with thy rivers, and didst c
trouble the waters with thy feet, and didst foul their
(b) Thus the scriptures compare tyrants to cruel and huge
beasts which devour all that are weaker than they and
such as they may overcome.
(c) You prepared great armies.
32:5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the
valleys d with thy height.
(d) With heaps of the carcass of your army.
32:6 I will also water with thy blood the land in which thou e
swimmest, [even] to the mountains; and the rivers shall be
full of thee.
(e) As the Nile overflows in Egypt, so will I make the
blood of your host overflow it.
32:7 And when I shall f put thee out, I will cover the heaven,
and make its stars dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud,
and the moon shall not give her light.
(f) The word signifies to be put out as a candle is put
32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee,
and set g darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
(g) By this manner of speech is meant the great sorrow that
will be for the slaughter of the king and his people.
32:12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to
fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they
shall lay waste the h pomp of Egypt, and all its
multitude shall be destroyed.
(h) This came to pass in less than four years after this
32:14 Then will I make i their waters deep, and cause their
rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD.
(i) That is, of the Chaldeans your enemies, who will
quietly enjoy all your conveniences.
32:18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and k cast
them down, [even] her, and the daughters of the famous
nations, to the lower parts of the earth, with them that
go down into the pit.
(k) That is, prophecy that they will be cast down: thus
the Lord gives his prophets power both to plant and to
destroy by his word, read (Jer 1:10).
32:19 Whom dost thou pass l in beauty? go down, and be thou
laid with the uncircumcised.
(l) Have not other kingdoms more beautiful than you
32:20 They shall fall in the midst of [them that are] slain by
the sword: m she is delivered to the sword: draw her and
all her multitudes.
(m) That is, Egypt.
32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to n him out of
the midst of the grave with them that help him: they are
gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
(n) To make the matter more sensible, he brings in Pharaoh
whom the dead will meet and marvel at him, read
32:24 There [is] o Elam and all her multitude around her
grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, who are
gone down uncircumcised into the lower parts of the earth,
who caused their terror in the land of the p living; yet
have they borne their shame with them that go down to the
(o) Meaning the Persians.
(p) Whom in his life all the world feared.
32:26 There [is] q Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her
graves [are] around him: all of them uncircumcised, slain
by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land
of the living.
(q) That is, the Capadocians and Italians or Spaniards, as
32:27 And they shall not lie with the mighty [that are] fallen
r of the uncircumcised, who are gone down to the grave
with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords
under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon
their bones, though [they were] the terror of the mighty
in the land of the living.
(r) Who died not by cruel death but by the course of
nature, and are honourably buried with their coat of
armour and signs of honour.
32:30 There [are] the princes of the s north, all of them, and
all the Zidonians, who are gone down with the slain; with
their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie
uncircumcised with [them that are] slain by the sword, and
bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.
(s) The kings of Babylon.
32:31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be t comforted over
all his multitude, [even] Pharaoh and all his army slain
by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.
(t) As the wicked rejoice when they see others partakers
of their miseries.
32:32 For I have caused my u terror in the land of the living:
and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised
with [them that are] slain with the sword, [even] Pharaoh
and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
(u) I will make the Egyptians afraid of me, as they caused
others to fear them.