18:2 What mean ye, that ye use this proverb concerning the land
of Israel, saying, a The fathers have eaten sour grapes,
and the children's teeth are set on edge?
(a) The people murmured at the chastising of the Lord, and
therefore used this proverb meaning that their fathers
had sinned and their children were punished for their
transgressions. )See Geneva "Jer 31:29")
18:6 [And] hath not eaten b upon the mountains, neither hath
lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel,
neither hath defiled his neighbour's wife, neither hath
come near to a polluted woman,
(b) If he has not eaten flesh that has been offered up to
idols, to honour them by it.
18:13 Hath given forth upon interest, and hath taken increase:
shall he then live? he shall not live: he hath done all
these abominations; c he shall surely die; his blood
shall be upon him.
(c) He shows how the son is punished for his father's sin:
that is, if he is wicked as his father was and does
not repent, he will be punished as his father was, or
18:21 But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath
committed, and keep all my d statutes, and do that which
is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not
(d) He joins the observation of the commandments with
repentance; for none can repent indeed, unless he
labour to keep the Law.
18:22 All his transgressions that he hath committed, they shall
not be mentioned to him: in his e righteousness that he
hath done he shall live.
(e) That is, in the fruit of his faith which declares that
God accepts him.
18:23f Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die?
saith the Lord GOD: [and] not that he should return from
his ways, and live?
(f) He speaks this to commend God's mercy to poor sinners,
who rather is ready to pardon than to punish, as his
long suffering declares, (Eze 33:11). Though God
in his eternal counsel appointed the death and
damnation of the reprobate, yet the end of his counsel
was not their death only, but chiefly his own glory.
Also because he does not approve sin, therefore it is
here said that he would have them turn away from it
that they might live.
18:24 But when the righteous turneth away from his
righteousness, and committeth iniquity, [and] doeth
according to all the abominations that the wicked [man]
doeth, shall he live? All his g righteousness that he
hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he
hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in
them shall he die.
(g) That is, the false opinion that the hypocrites have of
18:25 Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not h equal. Hear
now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your
(h) In punishing the father with the children.
18:31 Cast away from you all your transgressions, by which ye
have transgressed; and make i you a new heart and a new
spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
(i) He shows that man cannot forsake his wickedness, till
his heart is changed which is only the work of God.