28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for
a glory and for beauty.
(a) By which his office may be known to be glorious and
28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all [that are] wise hearted, whom
I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make
Aaron's garments to b consecrate him, that he may
minister unto me in the priest's office.
(b) Which is to separate him from the rest.
28:4 And these [are] the garments which they shall make; a
breastplate, and an c ephod, and a robe, and a broidered
coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy
garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may
minister unto me in the priest's office.
(c) A short an straight coat without sleeves, put on top of
his garments to keep them close to him.
28:8 And the d curious girdle of the ephod, which [is] upon
it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof;
[even of] gold, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and
fine twined linen.
(d) Which went about his upmost coat.
28:10 Six of their names on one stone, and [the other] six names
of the rest on the other stone, according to e their
(e) As they were in age, so should they be graven in
28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of
the ephod [for] stones of f memorial unto the children
of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the
LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
(f) That Aaron might remind the Israelites of God.
28:14 And two chains [of] pure gold g at the ends; [of]
wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the
wreathen chains to the ouches.
(g) Of the bosses.
28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of h judgment with
cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make
it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of]
scarlet, and [of] fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.
(h) It was so called, because the high priest could not
give sentence in judgment without that on his breast.
28:16i Foursquare it shall be [being] doubled; a span [shall
be] the length thereof, and a span [shall be] the breadth
(i) The description of the breastplate.
28:23 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of
gold, and shalt put the two rings on k the two ends of
(k) Which are upmost toward the shoulder.
28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put
them upon the l two ends of the breastplate in the
border thereof, which [is] in the side of the ephod
(l) Which are beneath.
28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel
in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he
goeth in unto the holy [place], for a memorial before the
(m) Aaron will not enter into the holy place in his own
name, but in the name of all the children of Israel.
28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the n
Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's
heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall
bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart
before the LORD continually.
(n) Urim signifies light, and thummim perfection:
declaring that the stones of the breastplate were most
clear, and of perfect beauty: by urim also is meant
knowledge, and thummim holiness, showing what virtues
are required in the priests.
28:36 And thou shalt make a plate [of] pure gold, and grave upon
it, [like] the engravings of a signet, o HOLINESS TO THE
(o) Holiness belongs to the Lord: for he is most holy, and
nothing unholy may appear before him.
28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may p
bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children
of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it
shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be
accepted before the LORD.
(p) Their offerings could not be so perfect, but some
fault would be in them: which sin the high priest bore
and pacified God.
28:41 And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his
sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and q consecrate
them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in
the priest's office.
(q) Or "fill their hands", by giving them things to offer
and therefore admit them to their office.
28:43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they
come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when
they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy
[place]; that they r bear not iniquity, and die: [it
shall be] a statute for ever unto him and his seed after