12:2 This a month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months:
it [shall be] the first b month of the year to you.
(a) Called Nisan, containing part of March and part of
(b) Concerning the observation of feasts: as for other
policies, they reckoned from September.
12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In
the tenth [day] of this month they shall take to them every
man a lamb, according to the house of [their] c fathers,
a lamb for an house:
(c) As the fathers of the household had great or small
12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him
and his neighbour next unto his house take [it] according
to the number of the souls; every man according to his d
eating shall make your count for the lamb.
(d) He will take as many as are needed to eat the lamb.
12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the
same month: and the e whole assembly of the congregation
of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
(e) Every one his house.
12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast
[with] fire; his f head with his legs, and with the
(f) That is, all that may be eaten.
12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; [with] your loins girded, your
shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye
shall eat it in haste: g it [is] the LORD'S passover.
(g) The lamb was not the Passover, but signified it, as
ordinances are not the thing itself which they
represent, but rather they signify it.
12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a h memorial; and ye
shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your
generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance i
(h) Of the benefits received for your deliverance.
(i) That is, until Christ's coming: for then ceremonies
12:18 In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month
at k even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one
and twentieth day of the month at even.
(k) For in ancient times they counted in this way,
beginning the day at sunset till the next day at the
12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and
when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two
side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not
suffer the l destroyer to come in unto your houses to
(l) The angel sent by God to kill the first born.
12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the m land
which the LORD will give you, according as he hath
promised, that ye shall keep this service.
(m) The land of Canaan.
12:27 That ye shall say, It [is] the sacrifice of the LORD'S
passover, who passed over the houses of the children of
Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and
delivered our houses. And the people n bowed the head
(n) They gave God thanks for so great a benefit.
12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his
servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry
in Egypt; for [there was] o not a house where [there
was] not one dead.
(o) Of these houses, in which any first born lived, either
of men of beasts.
12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and
be gone; and p bless me also.
(p) Pray for me.
12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from q Rameses to
Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot [that were]
men, beside children.