1:1 Now athese [are] the names of the children of Israel,
which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with
The Argument - After Jacob by God's commandment in
(Ge 46:3) had brought his family into Egypt, where they
remained for four hundred years, and from seventy people
grew to an infinite number so that the king and the country
endeavoured both by tyranny and cruel slavery to suppress
them: the Lord according to his promise in (Ge 15:14)
had compassion on his Church, and delivered them, but
plagued their enemies in most strange and varied ways. The
more the tyranny of the wicked raged against his Church, the
more his heavy judgments increased against them, till
Pharaoh and his army were drowned in the sea, which gave an
entry and passage to the children of God. As the ingratitude
of man is great, so they immediately forgot God's wonderful
benefits and although he had given them the Passover as a
sign and memorial of the same, yet they fell to distrust,
and tempted God with various complaining and grudging
against him and his ministers: sometimes out of ambition,
sometimes lack of drink or meat to satisfy their lusts,
sometimes idolatry, or such like. For this reason, God
punished them with severe rods and plagues, that by his
correction they might turn to him for help against his
scourges, and earnestly repent for their rebellion and
wickedness. Because God loves them to the end, whom he has
once begun to love, he punished them not as they deserved,
but dealt with them mercifully, and with new benefits
laboured to overcome their malice: for he still governed
them and gave them his word and Law, both concerning the way
to serve him, and also the form of judgments and civil
policy: with the intent that they would not serve God after
as they pleased, but according to the order, that his
heavenly wisdom had appointed.
(a) Moses describes the wonderful order that God observes in
performing his promise to Abraham; (Ge 15:14).
1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased
abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and
the b land was filled with them.
(b) He means the country of Goshen.
1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which c knew not
(c) He did not consider how God had preserved Egypt for the
sake of Joseph.
1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply,
and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war,
they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and
[so] d get them up out of the land.
(d) Into Canaan, and so we shall lose our conveniences.
1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied
and grew. And e they were grieved because of the children
(e) The more God blesses his own, the more the wicked envy
1:15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of
which the name of the one [was] f Shiphrah, and the name
of the other Puah:
(f) These seem to have been the main of the rest.
1:19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew g
women [are] not as the Egyptian women; for they [are]
lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto
(g) Their disobedience in this was lawful, but their
deception is evil.
1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that
he h made them houses.
(h) That is, God increased the families of the Israelites
by their means.
1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that
is born ye shall i cast into the river, and every
daughter ye shall save alive.
(i) When tyrants cannot prevail by deceit, they burst into